Parsing motion for meaning: Infants' individuation of actions from continuous motion

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/284857
Title:
Parsing motion for meaning: Infants' individuation of actions from continuous motion
Author:
Sharon, Tanya Lee
Issue Date:
1999
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Almost nothing is known regarding infants' abilities for parsing the ongoing activity in their surroundings into distinct and meaningful parts. However, the individuation of actions is a fundamental ability, as explicated in a four-part introduction. Based on a review of general principles of individuation across multiple ontological domains, three possible mechanisms for action individuation in infants are identified and tested. The results of a series of studies show some important limitations in infants' abilities to parse actions from continuous motion. Although infants can perceptually discriminate different types of actions (such as jumps and falls) performed by a puppet, and can individuate and enumerate sequences of such actions when the acts are separated by brief motionless pauses, their ability to individuate actions embedded within a continuous strewn of motion is limited: Neither repeating cycles in the action sequences nor marked differences in extent of motion are sufficient cues. The results instead suggest that tangent discontinuities in the path of motion are an important cue to infants' ability to parse actions from on-going motion. Implications for infants' conceptual structure for actions, and additional potential mechanisms of action individuation, are also discussed.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Psychology, Developmental.; Psychology, Cognitive.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Wynn, Karen

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleParsing motion for meaning: Infants' individuation of actions from continuous motionen_US
dc.creatorSharon, Tanya Leeen_US
dc.contributor.authorSharon, Tanya Leeen_US
dc.date.issued1999en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAlmost nothing is known regarding infants' abilities for parsing the ongoing activity in their surroundings into distinct and meaningful parts. However, the individuation of actions is a fundamental ability, as explicated in a four-part introduction. Based on a review of general principles of individuation across multiple ontological domains, three possible mechanisms for action individuation in infants are identified and tested. The results of a series of studies show some important limitations in infants' abilities to parse actions from continuous motion. Although infants can perceptually discriminate different types of actions (such as jumps and falls) performed by a puppet, and can individuate and enumerate sequences of such actions when the acts are separated by brief motionless pauses, their ability to individuate actions embedded within a continuous strewn of motion is limited: Neither repeating cycles in the action sequences nor marked differences in extent of motion are sufficient cues. The results instead suggest that tangent discontinuities in the path of motion are an important cue to infants' ability to parse actions from on-going motion. Implications for infants' conceptual structure for actions, and additional potential mechanisms of action individuation, are also discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Developmental.en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Cognitive.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWynn, Karenen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9946801en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b39909608en_US
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