Population genetics of P transposable elements and their host species, with emphasis on Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila sturtevanti

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/284221
Title:
Population genetics of P transposable elements and their host species, with emphasis on Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila sturtevanti
Author:
Carneiro da Silva, Joana Servulo Correia
Issue Date:
2000
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The evolution of the P element family was studied in members of the Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila saltans species groups (subgenus Sophophora). The transmission of P elements among species, their spread within species and the strength of selective constraints, as well as the level at which they are imposed on these elements, were investigated using DNA sequence data. Particular emphasis was placed on the evolution of the canonical P element subfamily. This subfamily includes the functional P element first isolated from Drosophila melanogaster, which was termed canonical. It includes also other P elements belonging to the saltans and willistoni groups that are closely related to it. Based on the divergence among canonical elements, it was estimated that they last shared a common ancestor 3 million years ago, and that a minimum of eleven horizontal transfer events among species have taken place since then. This indicates that horizontal transfer is more important than anticipated in the transmission of P elements among species. The evolution of P elements within species was studied in detail in Drosophila sturtevanti and Drosophila willistoni. First, the population structure of these species was inferred from nuclear (alcohol dehydrogenase) and mitochondrial (part of subunits 4 and 5 of NADH dehydrogenase, and the transfer RNA gene for histidine) markers. The results suggest that only peripheral populations of D. willistoni show significant genetic differentiation. In D. sturtevanti significant population subdivision was detected among populations in the central part of the distribution, as well as between these and peripheral populations. These results were used as a reference to which P element divergence among populations could be compared. No selective constraints were detected in the evolution of canonical P elements within these two species. However, those constraints are present when elements were compared between species. It is concluded that selection is mostly effective at the time of horizontal transmission between species. Furthermore, P elements are shown to spread faster among populations than do neutral markers. This suggests that the spread of P elements within species can be achieved quickly, and surpass barriers such as moderate levels of population structuring within a species.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Biology, Molecular.; Biology, Genetics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Genetics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Kidwell, Margaret G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titlePopulation genetics of P transposable elements and their host species, with emphasis on Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila sturtevantien_US
dc.creatorCarneiro da Silva, Joana Servulo Correiaen_US
dc.contributor.authorCarneiro da Silva, Joana Servulo Correiaen_US
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe evolution of the P element family was studied in members of the Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila saltans species groups (subgenus Sophophora). The transmission of P elements among species, their spread within species and the strength of selective constraints, as well as the level at which they are imposed on these elements, were investigated using DNA sequence data. Particular emphasis was placed on the evolution of the canonical P element subfamily. This subfamily includes the functional P element first isolated from Drosophila melanogaster, which was termed canonical. It includes also other P elements belonging to the saltans and willistoni groups that are closely related to it. Based on the divergence among canonical elements, it was estimated that they last shared a common ancestor 3 million years ago, and that a minimum of eleven horizontal transfer events among species have taken place since then. This indicates that horizontal transfer is more important than anticipated in the transmission of P elements among species. The evolution of P elements within species was studied in detail in Drosophila sturtevanti and Drosophila willistoni. First, the population structure of these species was inferred from nuclear (alcohol dehydrogenase) and mitochondrial (part of subunits 4 and 5 of NADH dehydrogenase, and the transfer RNA gene for histidine) markers. The results suggest that only peripheral populations of D. willistoni show significant genetic differentiation. In D. sturtevanti significant population subdivision was detected among populations in the central part of the distribution, as well as between these and peripheral populations. These results were used as a reference to which P element divergence among populations could be compared. No selective constraints were detected in the evolution of canonical P elements within these two species. However, those constraints are present when elements were compared between species. It is concluded that selection is mostly effective at the time of horizontal transmission between species. Furthermore, P elements are shown to spread faster among populations than do neutral markers. This suggests that the spread of P elements within species can be achieved quickly, and surpass barriers such as moderate levels of population structuring within a species.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Molecular.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Genetics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeneticsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorKidwell, Margaret G.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9983918en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b40834347en_US
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