A CONCEPTUALLY-BASED MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF HUMAN NATIONAL LIFE TABLES

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282669
Title:
A CONCEPTUALLY-BASED MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF HUMAN NATIONAL LIFE TABLES
Author:
Gaines, John A
Issue Date:
1980
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Using standard procedures of demographic methodology, analysts working with mortality data are faced with a choice between large, unwieldy arrays of age-specific rates (or equivalent sets of life table entries), or one or more of a summary measures set, such as life expectancies and standardized rates, which does not retain all of the available information. This dissertation describes the development and preliminary testing of a mathematical model derived from elementary considerations of mortality mechanisms in the life table population. The model as developed postulates a Gompertz specification to account for mortality rates increasing with age among adults. Also, a proportion of the population was posited to be subject to a competing constant risk, to account for the declining mortality rates in early childhood. The motivation for this model is that its parameters, estimated for particular populations via nonlinear regression procedures, might be used as more efficient mortality summaries than those routinely used, without loss of conceptual interpretability. In testing life tables for male and female populations of 47 selected nations during the 1960s, the model was shown to be substantially more efficient for reproducing the original life tables than were any of the traditional measures considered.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Population research.; Mortality -- Tables.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Sociology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Miller, J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleA CONCEPTUALLY-BASED MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF HUMAN NATIONAL LIFE TABLESen_US
dc.creatorGaines, John Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorGaines, John Aen_US
dc.date.issued1980en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractUsing standard procedures of demographic methodology, analysts working with mortality data are faced with a choice between large, unwieldy arrays of age-specific rates (or equivalent sets of life table entries), or one or more of a summary measures set, such as life expectancies and standardized rates, which does not retain all of the available information. This dissertation describes the development and preliminary testing of a mathematical model derived from elementary considerations of mortality mechanisms in the life table population. The model as developed postulates a Gompertz specification to account for mortality rates increasing with age among adults. Also, a proportion of the population was posited to be subject to a competing constant risk, to account for the declining mortality rates in early childhood. The motivation for this model is that its parameters, estimated for particular populations via nonlinear regression procedures, might be used as more efficient mortality summaries than those routinely used, without loss of conceptual interpretability. In testing life tables for male and female populations of 47 selected nations during the 1960s, the model was shown to be substantially more efficient for reproducing the original life tables than were any of the traditional measures considered.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPopulation research.en_US
dc.subjectMortality -- Tables.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSociologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMiller, J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8028528en_US
dc.identifier.oclc7185759en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b13292821en_US
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