Jurassic-Cretaceous evolution of the central Cordilleran foreland-basin system

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282582
Title:
Jurassic-Cretaceous evolution of the central Cordilleran foreland-basin system
Author:
Currie, Brian Scott, 1966-
Issue Date:
1998
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
During Jurassic and Cretaceous time deposition in the western interior basin was controlled by a combination of subduction-related dynamic subsidence and thrust-generated flexural subsidence. Changes in the angle of oceanic plate subduction along the western margin of North America and thrust deformation in the Cordillera governed the spatial and temporal influences of these mechanisms throughout basin history. Dynamic subsidence was the primary control on basin deposition during Early-Middle Jurassic and Late Cretaceous time. During these periods, shallow-angle oceanic plate subduction beneath the western margin of North America produced convective mantle circulation and long wavelength subsidence in the western interior. A cessation of dynamic subsidence during Early Cretaceous time, brought on by an increase in the angle of subduction, is partially responsible for the ∼20 m.y. unconformity that separates the Jurassic and Cretaceous sequences in the western interior. During Late Jurassic time, thrusting in the Cordillera resulted in flexural partitioning of the back-arc region. Statal geometries in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in Utah and Colorado indicate deposition in the back-bulge and forebulge depozones of the Late Jurassic foreland basin system and suggest the coeval existence of a flexurally subsiding foredeep to the west. During Early Cretaceous time, >200 km of shortening in the thrust belt resulted in uplift and erosion of the Late Jurassic foredeep and the eastward migration of foreland-basin system flexural components. Areas occupied by the Late Jurassic forebulge were incorporated into the Early Cretaceous foredeep while the Late Jurassic back-bulge depozone became the location of the Early Cretaceous forebulge. In eastern Utah and western Colorado, migration of the forebulge enhanced the regional Early Cretaceous unconformity associated with the cessation of dynamic subsidence. During late Early Cretaceous time sediment accumulation across the entire foreland-basin system may have been facilitated by the reinitiation of dynamic subsidence in the western interior. During the Late Cretaceous, thrusting in the Cordillera resulted in continued flexural subsidence of the foredeep in east-central Utah. However, increased dynamic subsidence throughout Late Cretaceous time allowed thick accumulations of strata to be deposited in the forebulge and back-bulge depozones of the foreland-basin system.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Geology.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Geosciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
DeCelles, Peter G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleJurassic-Cretaceous evolution of the central Cordilleran foreland-basin systemen_US
dc.creatorCurrie, Brian Scott, 1966-en_US
dc.contributor.authorCurrie, Brian Scott, 1966-en_US
dc.date.issued1998en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractDuring Jurassic and Cretaceous time deposition in the western interior basin was controlled by a combination of subduction-related dynamic subsidence and thrust-generated flexural subsidence. Changes in the angle of oceanic plate subduction along the western margin of North America and thrust deformation in the Cordillera governed the spatial and temporal influences of these mechanisms throughout basin history. Dynamic subsidence was the primary control on basin deposition during Early-Middle Jurassic and Late Cretaceous time. During these periods, shallow-angle oceanic plate subduction beneath the western margin of North America produced convective mantle circulation and long wavelength subsidence in the western interior. A cessation of dynamic subsidence during Early Cretaceous time, brought on by an increase in the angle of subduction, is partially responsible for the ∼20 m.y. unconformity that separates the Jurassic and Cretaceous sequences in the western interior. During Late Jurassic time, thrusting in the Cordillera resulted in flexural partitioning of the back-arc region. Statal geometries in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in Utah and Colorado indicate deposition in the back-bulge and forebulge depozones of the Late Jurassic foreland basin system and suggest the coeval existence of a flexurally subsiding foredeep to the west. During Early Cretaceous time, >200 km of shortening in the thrust belt resulted in uplift and erosion of the Late Jurassic foredeep and the eastward migration of foreland-basin system flexural components. Areas occupied by the Late Jurassic forebulge were incorporated into the Early Cretaceous foredeep while the Late Jurassic back-bulge depozone became the location of the Early Cretaceous forebulge. In eastern Utah and western Colorado, migration of the forebulge enhanced the regional Early Cretaceous unconformity associated with the cessation of dynamic subsidence. During late Early Cretaceous time sediment accumulation across the entire foreland-basin system may have been facilitated by the reinitiation of dynamic subsidence in the western interior. During the Late Cretaceous, thrusting in the Cordillera resulted in continued flexural subsidence of the foredeep in east-central Utah. However, increased dynamic subsidence throughout Late Cretaceous time allowed thick accumulations of strata to be deposited in the forebulge and back-bulge depozones of the foreland-basin system.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectGeology.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorDeCelles, Peter G.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9817359en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b38269831en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.