Effect of bST on milk yield and composition at varying stages of lactation and under heat stress conditions in lactating Holstein cows

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282539
Title:
Effect of bST on milk yield and composition at varying stages of lactation and under heat stress conditions in lactating Holstein cows
Author:
Tarazon-Herrera, Mario Antonio, 1952-
Issue Date:
1997
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of bST on lactational performance throughout several stages of lactation, emphasizing advanced lactation and summer heat stress conditions. In the first experiment, a preliminary trial was conducted using seven Holstein cows averaging 424 DIM. Injections of bST increased milk, fat and protein yields, but did not affect milk composition. In the second trial, 24 cows in advanced lactation (292 DIM) with breeding problems were assigned to one of the three treatments in a randomized block design. Treatments were: (1) CON; low energy diet, without bST injection; (2) LED; low energy diet, injected with bST; and (3) HED; high energy diet, injected with bST. Cows showed a large response to bST in yields of milk, FCM, fat and protein, as well as on efficiency of feed conversion to milk. Energy density in the diet of cows receiving bST did not significantly affect any measured variable. In the second experiment, 76 lactating Holstein cows were distributed in three trials according to stage of lactation. Six intervals of DIM were considered: very early, early, mid, late, advanced, and extended lactations. A favorable response in milk yield to bST injections was observed in mid, late, advanced and extended lactations, while only a tendency was observed in early, but not in very early lactation cows. In the third experiment, 32 Holstein cows averaging 195 DIM were placed on four treatments to determine the effect of bST and evaporative cooling on lactational performance during summer heat stress. Milk yield was significantly increased by bST injections and tended to be higher for cooled cows. Fat and protein yields were increased by bST, but not by cooling. Non-esterified fatty acids in blood serum were higher in cows injected with bST, suggesting greater fat mobilization to support the increased milk production. Rectal temperatures and respiration rates were decreased by evaporative cooling, but not affected by bST injections.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Biology, Animal Physiology.; Agriculture, Animal Culture and Nutrition.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Animal Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Huber, J. Tal

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleEffect of bST on milk yield and composition at varying stages of lactation and under heat stress conditions in lactating Holstein cowsen_US
dc.creatorTarazon-Herrera, Mario Antonio, 1952-en_US
dc.contributor.authorTarazon-Herrera, Mario Antonio, 1952-en_US
dc.date.issued1997en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThree experiments were conducted to determine the effects of bST on lactational performance throughout several stages of lactation, emphasizing advanced lactation and summer heat stress conditions. In the first experiment, a preliminary trial was conducted using seven Holstein cows averaging 424 DIM. Injections of bST increased milk, fat and protein yields, but did not affect milk composition. In the second trial, 24 cows in advanced lactation (292 DIM) with breeding problems were assigned to one of the three treatments in a randomized block design. Treatments were: (1) CON; low energy diet, without bST injection; (2) LED; low energy diet, injected with bST; and (3) HED; high energy diet, injected with bST. Cows showed a large response to bST in yields of milk, FCM, fat and protein, as well as on efficiency of feed conversion to milk. Energy density in the diet of cows receiving bST did not significantly affect any measured variable. In the second experiment, 76 lactating Holstein cows were distributed in three trials according to stage of lactation. Six intervals of DIM were considered: very early, early, mid, late, advanced, and extended lactations. A favorable response in milk yield to bST injections was observed in mid, late, advanced and extended lactations, while only a tendency was observed in early, but not in very early lactation cows. In the third experiment, 32 Holstein cows averaging 195 DIM were placed on four treatments to determine the effect of bST and evaporative cooling on lactational performance during summer heat stress. Milk yield was significantly increased by bST injections and tended to be higher for cooled cows. Fat and protein yields were increased by bST, but not by cooling. Non-esterified fatty acids in blood serum were higher in cows injected with bST, suggesting greater fat mobilization to support the increased milk production. Rectal temperatures and respiration rates were decreased by evaporative cooling, but not affected by bST injections.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Animal Physiology.en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture, Animal Culture and Nutrition.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHuber, J. Talen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9814435en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b37744331en_US
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