Solid-state laser mode-locking and ultrafast studies in quantum semiconductor structures

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282515
Title:
Solid-state laser mode-locking and ultrafast studies in quantum semiconductor structures
Author:
Guerreiro, Paulo Tiago Ferraz de Meira, 1967-
Issue Date:
1997
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation describes the development of ultra-short pulse solid-state lasers and the investigation of ultra-short pulse propagation in a nonlinear waveguide. We present laser design considerations involving astigmatism compensation, spot-size estimation, stability, and dispersion compensation, and their application to chromium doped forsterite lasers. Making use of the Kerr nonlinearity of the Cr:forsterite crystal we demonstrate self-mode-locking in Cr:forsterite lasers, both in the hard-aperture and soft-aperture Kerr-lens mode-locking regimes. Sub-200-fs pulses tunable between 1240 and 1285 nm were obtained, with the shortest transform-limited pulses having 45 fs duration at 90 MHz repetition rate with 100 mW output power at 1265 nm. Using a semiconductor quantum-well saturable absorber integrated with a Bragg reflector we demonstrated self-starting passive continuous-wave mode-locked operation of a Cr:forsterite laser. Self-starting mode-locking was the only operational mode of the laser and could be achieved with and without intracavity dispersion compensation. We obtained 70 fs transformed-limited pulses using a prism pair for dispersion compensation, 4 ps pulses without prisms, and pulse energies of up to 2.3 nJ at 90 MHz repetition rate at 1260 nm. Using quantum-confined nanocrystals of lead sulfide in glass as intracavity saturable absorbers we obtained self-starting passive continuous-wave mode-locking in a Cr:forsterite laser. We obtained near transform-limited 4.6 ps laser pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate, and a wide tunability range of 1207 to 1307 nm. We studied femtosecond pulse propagation near a two-photon transition in CdS quantum-dot-doped waveguides produced by the solgel and ion-exchange methods. The observed two-photon absorption and asymmetric spectral modulation of the transmitted pulses were explained by the theoretical model, which incorporated a near-resonant two-photon transition.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Engineering, Electronics and Electrical.; Physics, Condensed Matter.; Physics, Optics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Optical Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Peyghambarian, Nasser

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleSolid-state laser mode-locking and ultrafast studies in quantum semiconductor structuresen_US
dc.creatorGuerreiro, Paulo Tiago Ferraz de Meira, 1967-en_US
dc.contributor.authorGuerreiro, Paulo Tiago Ferraz de Meira, 1967-en_US
dc.date.issued1997en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation describes the development of ultra-short pulse solid-state lasers and the investigation of ultra-short pulse propagation in a nonlinear waveguide. We present laser design considerations involving astigmatism compensation, spot-size estimation, stability, and dispersion compensation, and their application to chromium doped forsterite lasers. Making use of the Kerr nonlinearity of the Cr:forsterite crystal we demonstrate self-mode-locking in Cr:forsterite lasers, both in the hard-aperture and soft-aperture Kerr-lens mode-locking regimes. Sub-200-fs pulses tunable between 1240 and 1285 nm were obtained, with the shortest transform-limited pulses having 45 fs duration at 90 MHz repetition rate with 100 mW output power at 1265 nm. Using a semiconductor quantum-well saturable absorber integrated with a Bragg reflector we demonstrated self-starting passive continuous-wave mode-locked operation of a Cr:forsterite laser. Self-starting mode-locking was the only operational mode of the laser and could be achieved with and without intracavity dispersion compensation. We obtained 70 fs transformed-limited pulses using a prism pair for dispersion compensation, 4 ps pulses without prisms, and pulse energies of up to 2.3 nJ at 90 MHz repetition rate at 1260 nm. Using quantum-confined nanocrystals of lead sulfide in glass as intracavity saturable absorbers we obtained self-starting passive continuous-wave mode-locking in a Cr:forsterite laser. We obtained near transform-limited 4.6 ps laser pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate, and a wide tunability range of 1207 to 1307 nm. We studied femtosecond pulse propagation near a two-photon transition in CdS quantum-dot-doped waveguides produced by the solgel and ion-exchange methods. The observed two-photon absorption and asymmetric spectral modulation of the transmitted pulses were explained by the theoretical model, which incorporated a near-resonant two-photon transition.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectEngineering, Electronics and Electrical.en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Condensed Matter.en_US
dc.subjectPhysics, Optics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorPeyghambarian, Nasseren_US
dc.identifier.proquest9814405en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b37742474en_US
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