Failure and deformation of rocks in compression for underground design

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282211
Title:
Failure and deformation of rocks in compression for underground design
Author:
Jeon, Seokwon, 1964-
Issue Date:
1996
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Rock contains discontinuities at all scales. These discontinuities make rock behave in a complex way. This dissertation discusses a new approach to underground design based on the theory of rock fracture mechanics. Due to the important role of coal for energy in the US, coal which is classified as a weak rock was selected as a test material. The mechanism of deformation and failure of coal obtained from the McKinley Mine and the Twenty Mile Coal Mine were studied by observing the distributions of length, orientation, and spacing of the pre-existing as well as stress-induced cracks. Different types of laboratory tests were employed to observe the different scales of cracks and to obtain different types of crack information. The crack information is dependent on the scale used. The cracks propagate along the intersections of the pre-existing cracks, and both extensile and shear crack growth occurs depending on the direction of the load relative to the bedding planes. An analytical model that takes into account both shear and extensile crack growth was developed to predict the nonlinear stress-strain behavior of coal including strain-hardening and strain-softening. In order to solve problems with complex boundary conditions, this model was implemented into two and three dimensional finite element programs. The implementation involved a series of modifications that took into account stress transformation, transverse isotropy, and the calculation of the effective elastic moduli due to cracks. Simple examples were taken to verify the results of the numerical analyses.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Engineering, Civil.; Engineering, Mining.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Mining and Geological Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Kemeny, John M.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleFailure and deformation of rocks in compression for underground designen_US
dc.creatorJeon, Seokwon, 1964-en_US
dc.contributor.authorJeon, Seokwon, 1964-en_US
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractRock contains discontinuities at all scales. These discontinuities make rock behave in a complex way. This dissertation discusses a new approach to underground design based on the theory of rock fracture mechanics. Due to the important role of coal for energy in the US, coal which is classified as a weak rock was selected as a test material. The mechanism of deformation and failure of coal obtained from the McKinley Mine and the Twenty Mile Coal Mine were studied by observing the distributions of length, orientation, and spacing of the pre-existing as well as stress-induced cracks. Different types of laboratory tests were employed to observe the different scales of cracks and to obtain different types of crack information. The crack information is dependent on the scale used. The cracks propagate along the intersections of the pre-existing cracks, and both extensile and shear crack growth occurs depending on the direction of the load relative to the bedding planes. An analytical model that takes into account both shear and extensile crack growth was developed to predict the nonlinear stress-strain behavior of coal including strain-hardening and strain-softening. In order to solve problems with complex boundary conditions, this model was implemented into two and three dimensional finite element programs. The implementation involved a series of modifications that took into account stress transformation, transverse isotropy, and the calculation of the effective elastic moduli due to cracks. Simple examples were taken to verify the results of the numerical analyses.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectEngineering, Civil.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering, Mining.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMining and Geological Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorKemeny, John M.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9720586en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b34518794en_US
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