Economic and environmental factors relevant to the Italian energy structure: Theoretical and applicative issues

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282103
Title:
Economic and environmental factors relevant to the Italian energy structure: Theoretical and applicative issues
Author:
Virdis, Maria Rosa, 1953-
Issue Date:
1996
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The main objective of the project is to quantify, in the Italian context, some relationships among technology, energy and the economy, which can be used in an existing modeling framework to simulate the impact of atmospheric pollution control policies on the economic system. The framework consists of an Input-Output model with variable coefficients (the PFE model), and a Linear Programming model (MARKAL-Italy), linked by a two-way feedback. The specific object of this project is to expand the energy section of the I/O model to include inter-energy substitution elasticities. For this purpose, econometric models of translog input-demand equations are estimated for thirteen final energy consumption sectors and five energy commodity groups. As a necessary step, a data-base on energy consumption and prices for the various sectors covering the period 1966-1992 is created. A trend decomposition analysis, separating energy consumption in a growth component, an activity mix component and a technological change component, is performed on these data to obtain some insight on the evolution of final energy use. A better understanding of these processes is obtained through a review of energy and environmental policies in Italy over the period considered. Both the quantitative and the descriptive analyses stress the role of fiscal policy on energy products, carried out by the Italian governments, in shaping energy consumption patterns. The effect of including the estimated elasticities in the existing modeling framework is then tested in an experiment in which the technological and economic response of the energy system to changes in CO2 emissions standards is simulated via the LP model MARKAL, and the resulting changes in energy prices are used as inputs into the expanded I/O model. The latter, in turn, measures the impacts of each environmental tax policy scenario on total output, value added, final demand, imports, exports and prices. The results of this experiment, which assumes an explicit tax redistribution scheme, help define the feasibility margin for policy action on CO2 emission standards in the Italian context, indicating the structural changes that would take place as control policies tighten.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Economics, General.; Environmental Sciences.; Energy.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Mining and Geological Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Rieber, Michael

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleEconomic and environmental factors relevant to the Italian energy structure: Theoretical and applicative issuesen_US
dc.creatorVirdis, Maria Rosa, 1953-en_US
dc.contributor.authorVirdis, Maria Rosa, 1953-en_US
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe main objective of the project is to quantify, in the Italian context, some relationships among technology, energy and the economy, which can be used in an existing modeling framework to simulate the impact of atmospheric pollution control policies on the economic system. The framework consists of an Input-Output model with variable coefficients (the PFE model), and a Linear Programming model (MARKAL-Italy), linked by a two-way feedback. The specific object of this project is to expand the energy section of the I/O model to include inter-energy substitution elasticities. For this purpose, econometric models of translog input-demand equations are estimated for thirteen final energy consumption sectors and five energy commodity groups. As a necessary step, a data-base on energy consumption and prices for the various sectors covering the period 1966-1992 is created. A trend decomposition analysis, separating energy consumption in a growth component, an activity mix component and a technological change component, is performed on these data to obtain some insight on the evolution of final energy use. A better understanding of these processes is obtained through a review of energy and environmental policies in Italy over the period considered. Both the quantitative and the descriptive analyses stress the role of fiscal policy on energy products, carried out by the Italian governments, in shaping energy consumption patterns. The effect of including the estimated elasticities in the existing modeling framework is then tested in an experiment in which the technological and economic response of the energy system to changes in CO2 emissions standards is simulated via the LP model MARKAL, and the resulting changes in energy prices are used as inputs into the expanded I/O model. The latter, in turn, measures the impacts of each environmental tax policy scenario on total output, value added, final demand, imports, exports and prices. The results of this experiment, which assumes an explicit tax redistribution scheme, help define the feasibility margin for policy action on CO2 emission standards in the Italian context, indicating the structural changes that would take place as control policies tighten.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectEconomics, General.en_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences.en_US
dc.subjectEnergy.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMining and Geological Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorRieber, Michaelen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9626565en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b33957150en_US
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