DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF STRUCTURAL, STEREOISOMERIC AND CONFORMATIONALLY RESTRICTED ANALOGUES OF ALPHA-MELANOTROPIN: COMPARATIVE BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES ON MELANOPHORES AND MELANOMA CELLS

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282076
Title:
DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF STRUCTURAL, STEREOISOMERIC AND CONFORMATIONALLY RESTRICTED ANALOGUES OF ALPHA-MELANOTROPIN: COMPARATIVE BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES ON MELANOPHORES AND MELANOMA CELLS
Author:
Sawyer, Tomi Kim
Issue Date:
1981
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Several chemically-modified analogues of α-melanotropin (α-MSH, Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH₂) were prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis, including [Nle⁴]-α-MSH, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH₄₋₁₃-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH₁₋₆-NH₂, Ac-α-MSH₇₋₁₀-NH₂, Ac-α-MSH₁₁₋₁₃-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH(,4-10)-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂, [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH, Ac-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂, Ac-[Tyr⁴]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂ and [half-Cys⁴, half-Cys¹⁰]-α-MSH. The synthetic strategy involved: (1) p-methylbenzhydrylamine resin as a solid support, (2) N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide as a coupling reagent, (3) acetylation of the N-terminus and HF cleavage and deprotection (except for Nⁱ-For-Trp) of the fully assembled peptide-resin and (4) alkaline hydrolysis to deformylate Nⁱ-For-Trp. In the preparation of [half-Cys⁴, half-Cys¹⁰]-α-MSH, oxidative-cyclization provided formation of an intramolecular disulfide bridge. A comparative biological analysis in vitro of these above structural, stereoisomeric and conformationally-restricted analogues of α-MSH on several different vertebrate pigment cell systems provided the following results: (1) The [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH effected high melanotropic potency (> 60 times relative to α-MSH), ultralong biological activity and unprecedented metabolic stability. (2) Utilizing [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH as a molecular probe, two melanotropic receptor types were demonstrated which were mechanistically different in terms of calcium dependency and apparent hormone-receptor complex reversibility. (3) The Ac-[Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂ was a highly potent active site (Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly) analogue of α-MSH (ranging from 0.2- to 10-times relative to α-MSH) without the ultralong melanotropic activity possessed by the parent stereostructural tridecapeptide. (4) The [half-Cys4, half-Cys10]-α-MSH exhibited superpotency on frog (Rana pipiens) melanophores (≥ 10,000 times relative to α-MSH), and provided experimental evidence that a pseudocyclic conformation of the native hormone containing a β-turn structural requirement at His-Phe-Arg-Trp might be related to its biological activity at the pigment cell receptor. The [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH may be suitable for use as a radio-labeled tracer or drug-delivery agent for the localization or treatment of human melanoma in vivo.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
MSH (Hormone); MSH (Hormone) -- Receptors.; Melanoma -- Chemotherapy.; Melanophores.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Chemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Hruby, Victor J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleDESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF STRUCTURAL, STEREOISOMERIC AND CONFORMATIONALLY RESTRICTED ANALOGUES OF ALPHA-MELANOTROPIN: COMPARATIVE BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES ON MELANOPHORES AND MELANOMA CELLSen_US
dc.creatorSawyer, Tomi Kimen_US
dc.contributor.authorSawyer, Tomi Kimen_US
dc.date.issued1981en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSeveral chemically-modified analogues of α-melanotropin (α-MSH, Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH₂) were prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis, including [Nle⁴]-α-MSH, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH₄₋₁₃-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH₁₋₆-NH₂, Ac-α-MSH₇₋₁₀-NH₂, Ac-α-MSH₁₁₋₁₃-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴]-α-MSH(,4-10)-NH₂, Ac-[Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂, [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH, Ac-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂, Ac-[Tyr⁴]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂ and [half-Cys⁴, half-Cys¹⁰]-α-MSH. The synthetic strategy involved: (1) p-methylbenzhydrylamine resin as a solid support, (2) N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide as a coupling reagent, (3) acetylation of the N-terminus and HF cleavage and deprotection (except for Nⁱ-For-Trp) of the fully assembled peptide-resin and (4) alkaline hydrolysis to deformylate Nⁱ-For-Trp. In the preparation of [half-Cys⁴, half-Cys¹⁰]-α-MSH, oxidative-cyclization provided formation of an intramolecular disulfide bridge. A comparative biological analysis in vitro of these above structural, stereoisomeric and conformationally-restricted analogues of α-MSH on several different vertebrate pigment cell systems provided the following results: (1) The [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH effected high melanotropic potency (> 60 times relative to α-MSH), ultralong biological activity and unprecedented metabolic stability. (2) Utilizing [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH as a molecular probe, two melanotropic receptor types were demonstrated which were mechanistically different in terms of calcium dependency and apparent hormone-receptor complex reversibility. (3) The Ac-[Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH₄₋₁₀-NH₂ was a highly potent active site (Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly) analogue of α-MSH (ranging from 0.2- to 10-times relative to α-MSH) without the ultralong melanotropic activity possessed by the parent stereostructural tridecapeptide. (4) The [half-Cys4, half-Cys10]-α-MSH exhibited superpotency on frog (Rana pipiens) melanophores (≥ 10,000 times relative to α-MSH), and provided experimental evidence that a pseudocyclic conformation of the native hormone containing a β-turn structural requirement at His-Phe-Arg-Trp might be related to its biological activity at the pigment cell receptor. The [Nle⁴, D-Phe⁷]-α-MSH may be suitable for use as a radio-labeled tracer or drug-delivery agent for the localization or treatment of human melanoma in vivo.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectMSH (Hormone)en_US
dc.subjectMSH (Hormone) -- Receptors.en_US
dc.subjectMelanoma -- Chemotherapy.en_US
dc.subjectMelanophores.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8207902en_US
dc.identifier.oclc8714174en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b13918801en_US
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