OBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SPECTRUM OF THE HELIUM-HYDRIDE MOLECULAR ION

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/282038
Title:
OBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SPECTRUM OF THE HELIUM-HYDRIDE MOLECULAR ION
Author:
Tolliver, David Edward
Issue Date:
1980
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation describes the first high-precision observation of the infrared spectrum of the helium hydride molecular ion HeH⁺. The frequencies of five vibrational-rotational transitions in the range 1700-1900 cm⁻¹ in the X¹Σ⁺ ground electronic state of ⁴HeH⁺ have been measured to ±0.002 cm⁻¹ (±1 ppm). The Doppler tuned ion beam laser spectroscopic method was used in making the measurements: In a region of constant electrostatic potential, an HeH⁺ ion beam of several keV energy is intercepted at a small angle by a beam from a carbon monoxide infrared gas laser. The energy of the ion beam is adjusted to Doppler-shift an ion transition into resonance with a nearby laser line. On resonance the laser light stimulates transitions to take place. If the resonating states differ in population, the laser-induced transitions produce a net population transfer. The occurrence of population transfer is detected by monitoring the transmission of the ion beam through a gas target downstream from the laser beam interaction region. The transmission through the target is dependent upon the ion beam vibrational-state population distribution and therefore is sensitive to changes in the population distribution, because the cross-section for charge-exchange neutralization of an incident ion is dependent upon the vibrational state of the ion. The current interest in molecular ions in general, and in HeH⁺ in particular, is explained. The existing theory of the structure of HeH⁺ is summarized and a comprehensive listing of theoretical treatments of the structure of HeH⁺ is given. The meager previous experimental work on HeH⁺ is reviewed. The principles of the Doppler tuned ion beam laser resonance method are discussed and the experimental apparatus used is described in detail. The acquisition and analysis of the data is described and the results are compared with the best existing theoretical predictions of the transition frequencies. The present experimental values (given by D. E. Tolliver, G. A. Kyrala, and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1719) for the measured transitions are (with the corresponding values calculated by D. L. Bishop and L. M. Cheung, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 75, 462, given in parentheses): (v,J)=(1,11)↔(0,12), 1855.905 cm⁻¹ (1856.152 cm⁻¹); (1,12)↔(0,13), 1751.971 cm⁻¹ (1752.198 cm⁻¹); (2,8)↔(1,9), 1896.992 cm⁻¹ (1897.139 cm⁻¹); (2,9)↔(1,10), 1802.349 cm⁻¹ (1802.492 cm⁻¹); and (2,10)↔(1,11), 1705.543 cm⁻¹ (1705.684 cm⁻¹). It is seen that the present experimental values deviate from the theory by typically 0.2 cm⁻¹, and are two orders of magnitude more precise than the theoretical values.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Helium ions -- Spectra.; Infrared spectroscopy.; Infrared spectra.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Optical Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Wing, William H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleOBSERVATION OF THE INFRARED SPECTRUM OF THE HELIUM-HYDRIDE MOLECULAR IONen_US
dc.creatorTolliver, David Edwarden_US
dc.contributor.authorTolliver, David Edwarden_US
dc.date.issued1980en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation describes the first high-precision observation of the infrared spectrum of the helium hydride molecular ion HeH⁺. The frequencies of five vibrational-rotational transitions in the range 1700-1900 cm⁻¹ in the X¹Σ⁺ ground electronic state of ⁴HeH⁺ have been measured to ±0.002 cm⁻¹ (±1 ppm). The Doppler tuned ion beam laser spectroscopic method was used in making the measurements: In a region of constant electrostatic potential, an HeH⁺ ion beam of several keV energy is intercepted at a small angle by a beam from a carbon monoxide infrared gas laser. The energy of the ion beam is adjusted to Doppler-shift an ion transition into resonance with a nearby laser line. On resonance the laser light stimulates transitions to take place. If the resonating states differ in population, the laser-induced transitions produce a net population transfer. The occurrence of population transfer is detected by monitoring the transmission of the ion beam through a gas target downstream from the laser beam interaction region. The transmission through the target is dependent upon the ion beam vibrational-state population distribution and therefore is sensitive to changes in the population distribution, because the cross-section for charge-exchange neutralization of an incident ion is dependent upon the vibrational state of the ion. The current interest in molecular ions in general, and in HeH⁺ in particular, is explained. The existing theory of the structure of HeH⁺ is summarized and a comprehensive listing of theoretical treatments of the structure of HeH⁺ is given. The meager previous experimental work on HeH⁺ is reviewed. The principles of the Doppler tuned ion beam laser resonance method are discussed and the experimental apparatus used is described in detail. The acquisition and analysis of the data is described and the results are compared with the best existing theoretical predictions of the transition frequencies. The present experimental values (given by D. E. Tolliver, G. A. Kyrala, and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1719) for the measured transitions are (with the corresponding values calculated by D. L. Bishop and L. M. Cheung, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 75, 462, given in parentheses): (v,J)=(1,11)↔(0,12), 1855.905 cm⁻¹ (1856.152 cm⁻¹); (1,12)↔(0,13), 1751.971 cm⁻¹ (1752.198 cm⁻¹); (2,8)↔(1,9), 1896.992 cm⁻¹ (1897.139 cm⁻¹); (2,9)↔(1,10), 1802.349 cm⁻¹ (1802.492 cm⁻¹); and (2,10)↔(1,11), 1705.543 cm⁻¹ (1705.684 cm⁻¹). It is seen that the present experimental values deviate from the theory by typically 0.2 cm⁻¹, and are two orders of magnitude more precise than the theoretical values.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectHelium ions -- Spectra.en_US
dc.subjectInfrared spectroscopy.en_US
dc.subjectInfrared spectra.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWing, William H.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8017776en_US
dc.identifier.oclc7631403en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b1347232xen_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.