Undetected substance abuse and dependence among juvenile offenders in a diversion program

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/280395
Title:
Undetected substance abuse and dependence among juvenile offenders in a diversion program
Author:
Zabel, Jeffrey
Issue Date:
2003
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The harmful effects of substance abuse among adolescents and its close association with juvenile crime and recidivism have been well documented. While a legal referral to the juvenile court may prompt an assessment of substance abuse or dependence, juvenile court diversion personnel must often rely only on an informal interview to determine the presence or severity of a juvenile's substance abuse problem. This may result in a failure to detect underlying substance abuse problems and to initiate appropriate treatment. The present study explored whether or not a standardized instrument, the Adolescent Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI-A2) might improve identification of substance abuse problems in juvenile offenders who had been referred to one of two early intervention classes (a Misdemeanor class or a Substance Abuse class). Fifty-four percent of the sample met the criteria for a high probability of either a Substance Abuse Disorder or a Substance Dependence Disorder as measured by the SASSI-A2. Nearly twenty-six percent (25.9%) of juveniles in the Misdemeanor class and 35.7% of the juveniles in the Substance Abuse class met the criteria for a substance abuse disorder. Nearly fifteen percent (14.7%) of juveniles in the Misdemeanor class and 33.3% in the Substance Abuse class met criteria for a Substance Dependence Disorder. These findings suggest that the use of the standardized test was significantly better at detecting substance abuse problems among juvenile offenders in diversion than a standard informal interview-only.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Psychology, Clinical.; Sociology, Criminology and Penology.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Special Education, Rehabilitation and School Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Sales, Amos

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleUndetected substance abuse and dependence among juvenile offenders in a diversion programen_US
dc.creatorZabel, Jeffreyen_US
dc.contributor.authorZabel, Jeffreyen_US
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe harmful effects of substance abuse among adolescents and its close association with juvenile crime and recidivism have been well documented. While a legal referral to the juvenile court may prompt an assessment of substance abuse or dependence, juvenile court diversion personnel must often rely only on an informal interview to determine the presence or severity of a juvenile's substance abuse problem. This may result in a failure to detect underlying substance abuse problems and to initiate appropriate treatment. The present study explored whether or not a standardized instrument, the Adolescent Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI-A2) might improve identification of substance abuse problems in juvenile offenders who had been referred to one of two early intervention classes (a Misdemeanor class or a Substance Abuse class). Fifty-four percent of the sample met the criteria for a high probability of either a Substance Abuse Disorder or a Substance Dependence Disorder as measured by the SASSI-A2. Nearly twenty-six percent (25.9%) of juveniles in the Misdemeanor class and 35.7% of the juveniles in the Substance Abuse class met the criteria for a substance abuse disorder. Nearly fifteen percent (14.7%) of juveniles in the Misdemeanor class and 33.3% in the Substance Abuse class met criteria for a Substance Dependence Disorder. These findings suggest that the use of the standardized test was significantly better at detecting substance abuse problems among juvenile offenders in diversion than a standard informal interview-only.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Clinical.en_US
dc.subjectSociology, Criminology and Penology.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSpecial Education, Rehabilitation and School Psychologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSales, Amosen_US
dc.identifier.proquest3107056en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b44667449en_US
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