Eye movements by good and poor readers during reading of regular and phrase-segmented texts

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/280027
Title:
Eye movements by good and poor readers during reading of regular and phrase-segmented texts
Author:
Magloire, Joel
Issue Date:
2002
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to examine how eye movements during reading of regular and phrase-segmented texts vary with reading performance. Each participant read a set of either regularly formatted or phrase-segmented texts as eye movements were monitored. Each text was followed by a set of comprehension questions. The effects of individual differences (high- vs. low-performance readers) and text formatting (regular vs. phrase-segmented) were investigated by examination of readers' eye movement patterns. Previous research has revealed that poor readers' performance on tasks that require syntactic processing differs from that of good readers', and that poor readers' comprehension and reading rate improves when presented with phrase-segmented text. It was hypothesized that high- and low-performance readers' eye movements would differ during regular text reading in replication of previous research, and that furthermore low-performance readers' eye movements while reading phrase-segmented text would resemble those of high-performance readers' in the same condition. Results revealed differences between high- and low-performance readers' eye movements for regular texts, but not for phrase-segmented texts. This was due to changes in eye movement measures across text conditions for low-performance readers only.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Psychology, Cognitive.; Psychology, Physiological.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bever, Thomas G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleEye movements by good and poor readers during reading of regular and phrase-segmented textsen_US
dc.creatorMagloire, Joelen_US
dc.contributor.authorMagloire, Joelen_US
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAn experiment was conducted to examine how eye movements during reading of regular and phrase-segmented texts vary with reading performance. Each participant read a set of either regularly formatted or phrase-segmented texts as eye movements were monitored. Each text was followed by a set of comprehension questions. The effects of individual differences (high- vs. low-performance readers) and text formatting (regular vs. phrase-segmented) were investigated by examination of readers' eye movement patterns. Previous research has revealed that poor readers' performance on tasks that require syntactic processing differs from that of good readers', and that poor readers' comprehension and reading rate improves when presented with phrase-segmented text. It was hypothesized that high- and low-performance readers' eye movements would differ during regular text reading in replication of previous research, and that furthermore low-performance readers' eye movements while reading phrase-segmented text would resemble those of high-performance readers' in the same condition. Results revealed differences between high- and low-performance readers' eye movements for regular texts, but not for phrase-segmented texts. This was due to changes in eye movement measures across text conditions for low-performance readers only.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Cognitive.en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Physiological.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBever, Thomas G.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest3053894en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b42813293en_US
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