Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/279774
Title:
Pencil pressure in projective drawings: An indicator of anxiety
Author:
LaRoque, Sean Davis
Issue Date:
2001
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
There has been much debate in the literature regarding the use and abuse of projective drawings in clinical and school settings. The criticism has largely centered around interpretation and use of indicators within these drawings that have not achieved consensus in the research regarding their validity. This study attempts to bridge the gap between those opposed and those in support of projective drawings. It does this by illustrating that valid indicators can be found within projective drawings provided accurate, sensitive and reliable tools are available to measure these indicators. This research analyzed the relationship between pencil pressure used during drawing and State and Trait anxiety. A highly accurate and precise pressure sensitive palette was used to reliably and objectively measure the degree of pencil pressure used by the participants during three drawing tests, including the Draw a Person, Bender-Gestalt Visual Motor Integration Test, and the drawing of an automobile (n = 50). The State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children assessed the participants' levels of State and Trait anxiety. Results indicated that individuals with higher levels of Trait anxiety used significantly less pencil pressure on all three drawing measures than individuals with lower levels of Trait anxiety. Further, individuals with high and low levels of State anxiety used significantly more pencil pressure on all three drawing measures than individuals with medium levels of State anxiety. The implications of these findings, as well as considerations for future research are discussed.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Psychology, Clinical.; Psychology, Personality.; Psychology, Psychometrics.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; School Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Obrzut, John

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titlePencil pressure in projective drawings: An indicator of anxietyen_US
dc.creatorLaRoque, Sean Davisen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaRoque, Sean Davisen_US
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThere has been much debate in the literature regarding the use and abuse of projective drawings in clinical and school settings. The criticism has largely centered around interpretation and use of indicators within these drawings that have not achieved consensus in the research regarding their validity. This study attempts to bridge the gap between those opposed and those in support of projective drawings. It does this by illustrating that valid indicators can be found within projective drawings provided accurate, sensitive and reliable tools are available to measure these indicators. This research analyzed the relationship between pencil pressure used during drawing and State and Trait anxiety. A highly accurate and precise pressure sensitive palette was used to reliably and objectively measure the degree of pencil pressure used by the participants during three drawing tests, including the Draw a Person, Bender-Gestalt Visual Motor Integration Test, and the drawing of an automobile (n = 50). The State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children assessed the participants' levels of State and Trait anxiety. Results indicated that individuals with higher levels of Trait anxiety used significantly less pencil pressure on all three drawing measures than individuals with lower levels of Trait anxiety. Further, individuals with high and low levels of State anxiety used significantly more pencil pressure on all three drawing measures than individuals with medium levels of State anxiety. The implications of these findings, as well as considerations for future research are discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Clinical.en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Personality.en_US
dc.subjectPsychology, Psychometrics.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSchool Psychologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorObrzut, Johnen_US
dc.identifier.proquest3016474en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b41910485en_US
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