Synergism of permethrin by formamidines in resistant and susceptible strains of Heliothis virescens: A comparison of chlordimeform, amitraz, and a metabolite

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/278560
Title:
Synergism of permethrin by formamidines in resistant and susceptible strains of Heliothis virescens: A comparison of chlordimeform, amitraz, and a metabolite
Author:
Mosupi, Pharoah Opelo Pedro, 1961-
Issue Date:
1990
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Laboratory tests conducted to evaluate the ability of three formamidines (chlordimeform, amitraz, and N'-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)- N-methylformamidine SN-49844, a metabolite of amitraz) to synergize permethrin in tobacco budworm (TBW) showed no synergism in susceptible larvae, but did show synergism in resistant larvae. Chlordimeform (CDF) and N'-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-N-methylformamidine SN-49844 showed higher degrees of synergism than amitraz. Selection of cross-bred larvae of tobacco budworm using permethrin ± formamidine mixtures at LD 80 for four generations produced strong tolerance to all agents used in the selection. A test for cross-resistance to cypermethrin and to methyl parathion in a permethrin-selected strain of tobacco budworm showed resistance levels of 58-fold, and 48-fold, respectively, compared with susceptible TBW.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Biology, Entomology.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleSynergism of permethrin by formamidines in resistant and susceptible strains of Heliothis virescens: A comparison of chlordimeform, amitraz, and a metaboliteen_US
dc.creatorMosupi, Pharoah Opelo Pedro, 1961-en_US
dc.contributor.authorMosupi, Pharoah Opelo Pedro, 1961-en_US
dc.date.issued1990en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractLaboratory tests conducted to evaluate the ability of three formamidines (chlordimeform, amitraz, and N'-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)- N-methylformamidine SN-49844, a metabolite of amitraz) to synergize permethrin in tobacco budworm (TBW) showed no synergism in susceptible larvae, but did show synergism in resistant larvae. Chlordimeform (CDF) and N'-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-N-methylformamidine SN-49844 showed higher degrees of synergism than amitraz. Selection of cross-bred larvae of tobacco budworm using permethrin ± formamidine mixtures at LD 80 for four generations produced strong tolerance to all agents used in the selection. A test for cross-resistance to cypermethrin and to methyl parathion in a permethrin-selected strain of tobacco budworm showed resistance levels of 58-fold, and 48-fold, respectively, compared with susceptible TBW.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Entomology.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1342668en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b26592770en_US
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