Selenium levels in selected species of aquatic birds on Imperial National Wildlife Refuge

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/278452
Title:
Selenium levels in selected species of aquatic birds on Imperial National Wildlife Refuge
Author:
Martinez, Cynthia Therese, 1969-
Issue Date:
1994
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Five species of waterbirds were collected from five sites on Imperial National Wildlife Refuge between April and August of 1993. There were previous baseline contaminants data for all sites. Sites were of two distinct habitat types. Backwater lakes have a direct connection to the mainstem of the Colorado River, and seep lakes receive river water only via seepage through the soil column. Selenium concentrations in liver, kidney, and muscle tissues were consistently higher in birds collected from backwater lakes than those collected from seep lakes. Eighty-one percent of the birds collected on backwater lakes (n = 52) were above the effect threshold for reproductive impairment or embryotoxicity (10 ppm dry weight in livers). Herbivorous birds had significantly (p ≤ 0.05) lower tissue selenium levels than those species feeding on animal matter. Of the birds feeding on fish and invertebrates, 83% (n = 47) had selenium levels in liver above the effect threshold. Differences in selenium concentrations based on diet suggest food chain cycling of selenium. Eggs from waterbirds as well as those from neotropical migrants were above the 3 ppm embryotoxicity threshold.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Biology, Ecology.; Health Sciences, Toxicology.; Biology, Zoology.; Environmental Sciences.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Renewable natural resources
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Maughan, O. Eugene

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleSelenium levels in selected species of aquatic birds on Imperial National Wildlife Refugeen_US
dc.creatorMartinez, Cynthia Therese, 1969-en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, Cynthia Therese, 1969-en_US
dc.date.issued1994en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractFive species of waterbirds were collected from five sites on Imperial National Wildlife Refuge between April and August of 1993. There were previous baseline contaminants data for all sites. Sites were of two distinct habitat types. Backwater lakes have a direct connection to the mainstem of the Colorado River, and seep lakes receive river water only via seepage through the soil column. Selenium concentrations in liver, kidney, and muscle tissues were consistently higher in birds collected from backwater lakes than those collected from seep lakes. Eighty-one percent of the birds collected on backwater lakes (n = 52) were above the effect threshold for reproductive impairment or embryotoxicity (10 ppm dry weight in livers). Herbivorous birds had significantly (p ≤ 0.05) lower tissue selenium levels than those species feeding on animal matter. Of the birds feeding on fish and invertebrates, 83% (n = 47) had selenium levels in liver above the effect threshold. Differences in selenium concentrations based on diet suggest food chain cycling of selenium. Eggs from waterbirds as well as those from neotropical migrants were above the 3 ppm embryotoxicity threshold.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Ecology.en_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Toxicology.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Zoology.en_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineRenewable natural resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMaughan, O. Eugeneen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1360250en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b33506516en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b32578192en_US
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