Distribution of ground cover and its effects on runoff and sediment yield in the WEPP model

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/278450
Title:
Distribution of ground cover and its effects on runoff and sediment yield in the WEPP model
Author:
Kidwell, Mary Rachel, 1962-
Issue Date:
1994
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
New methods were tested to evaluate the ground cover parameters used in the WEPP model. Rainfall simulator plot data, collected from fifteen rangeland ecosystems across the western United States, were used to evaluate modifications to the ground cover components for rill and interrill areas in the model. Observed and predicted values of average sediment yield were compared for six different configurations of the model. The modifications made to WEPP to incorporate measured ground cover distributions resulted in a lower r2 for predicted sediment yield than any of the configurations in which ground cover distribution was not modified. This result was due to a reduction in the calculated value of total interrill ground cover. The model equations used to adjust interrill erodibility for the effect of interrill ground cover were adversely affected. The result was that interrill erodibility values were increased for many of the plots tested.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Engineering, Agricultural.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Renewable natural resources
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Guertin, D. Phillip

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleDistribution of ground cover and its effects on runoff and sediment yield in the WEPP modelen_US
dc.creatorKidwell, Mary Rachel, 1962-en_US
dc.contributor.authorKidwell, Mary Rachel, 1962-en_US
dc.date.issued1994en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractNew methods were tested to evaluate the ground cover parameters used in the WEPP model. Rainfall simulator plot data, collected from fifteen rangeland ecosystems across the western United States, were used to evaluate modifications to the ground cover components for rill and interrill areas in the model. Observed and predicted values of average sediment yield were compared for six different configurations of the model. The modifications made to WEPP to incorporate measured ground cover distributions resulted in a lower r2 for predicted sediment yield than any of the configurations in which ground cover distribution was not modified. This result was due to a reduction in the calculated value of total interrill ground cover. The model equations used to adjust interrill erodibility for the effect of interrill ground cover were adversely affected. The result was that interrill erodibility values were increased for many of the plots tested.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering, Agricultural.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineRenewable natural resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorGuertin, D. Phillipen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1360248en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b32571045en_US
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