The effects of system variables on soil-vapor extraction of benzene and p-xylene in an unsaturated desert soil

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/278316
Title:
The effects of system variables on soil-vapor extraction of benzene and p-xylene in an unsaturated desert soil
Author:
Roberts, Philip Andrew, 1962-
Issue Date:
1990
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Water-unsaturated column experiments using benzene and p-xylene were performed with a desert soil sample (fc = 0.001) to simulate the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) by soil-vapor extraction. Higher flow rates of air were found to facilitate quicker VOC removal but lower flow rates were more efficient. Initial concentrations had no effect on the rate of VOC removal. Sorption of both compounds by the solid phase at 18 and 10 percent wetness was similar to that reported for saturated systems. At these moisture contents, Kp the for benzene averaged 0.03 cm 3/g and that for p-xylene averaged 0.61 cm 3/g. At the driest soil condition, higher than predicted sorption of benzene (Kp = 0.12 cm3/g) is attributed to VOC sorption on dry mineral sites. Mechanisms that limited transport of both compounds are assumed to be intra-aggregate aqueous diffusion and desorption. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Hydrology.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe effects of system variables on soil-vapor extraction of benzene and p-xylene in an unsaturated desert soilen_US
dc.creatorRoberts, Philip Andrew, 1962-en_US
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Philip Andrew, 1962-en_US
dc.date.issued1990en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractWater-unsaturated column experiments using benzene and p-xylene were performed with a desert soil sample (fc = 0.001) to simulate the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) by soil-vapor extraction. Higher flow rates of air were found to facilitate quicker VOC removal but lower flow rates were more efficient. Initial concentrations had no effect on the rate of VOC removal. Sorption of both compounds by the solid phase at 18 and 10 percent wetness was similar to that reported for saturated systems. At these moisture contents, Kp the for benzene averaged 0.03 cm 3/g and that for p-xylene averaged 0.61 cm 3/g. At the driest soil condition, higher than predicted sorption of benzene (Kp = 0.12 cm3/g) is attributed to VOC sorption on dry mineral sites. Mechanisms that limited transport of both compounds are assumed to be intra-aggregate aqueous diffusion and desorption. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1342477en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b26541191en_US
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