The effects of dietary fat quality on cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in the guinea pig

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/277312
Title:
The effects of dietary fat quality on cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in the guinea pig
Author:
Ibrahim, Jamal Bachir Taher, 1961-
Issue Date:
1990
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The effects of dietary saturated versus polyunsaturated fat (7.5%; w/w) on sterol balance and lipoprotein metabolism were studied in guinea pigs. The polyunsaturated diet significantly reduced plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels by 34% and 40%, respectively. Polyunsaturated dietary fat significantly reduced the percentage of cholesteryl ester in low density lipoprotein (LDL) while the relative proportion of LDL-phospholipids was increased. The ratio of LDL surface to core components in the polyunsaturated fed animals was significantly higher (P .02). Dietary fat quality had no effect on either sterol balance or hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity. Hepatic free and esterfield cholesterol levels were significantly higher in the polyunsaturated fat fed group (P .01). Feeding polyunsaturated fat caused a significant (1.9-fold) increase in hepatic membrane LDL (apo B/E) receptor binding. The data indicate that the hypocholesterolemic effect of polyunsaturated fat is not attributable to changes in cholesterol metabolism but rather to a redistribution of plasma cholesterol to tissues due to increased tissue LDL receptor binding.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Agriculture, Food Science and Technology.; Health Sciences, Nutrition.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
McNamara, Donald J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleThe effects of dietary fat quality on cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in the guinea pigen_US
dc.creatorIbrahim, Jamal Bachir Taher, 1961-en_US
dc.contributor.authorIbrahim, Jamal Bachir Taher, 1961-en_US
dc.date.issued1990en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe effects of dietary saturated versus polyunsaturated fat (7.5%; w/w) on sterol balance and lipoprotein metabolism were studied in guinea pigs. The polyunsaturated diet significantly reduced plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels by 34% and 40%, respectively. Polyunsaturated dietary fat significantly reduced the percentage of cholesteryl ester in low density lipoprotein (LDL) while the relative proportion of LDL-phospholipids was increased. The ratio of LDL surface to core components in the polyunsaturated fed animals was significantly higher (P .02). Dietary fat quality had no effect on either sterol balance or hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity. Hepatic free and esterfield cholesterol levels were significantly higher in the polyunsaturated fat fed group (P .01). Feeding polyunsaturated fat caused a significant (1.9-fold) increase in hepatic membrane LDL (apo B/E) receptor binding. The data indicate that the hypocholesterolemic effect of polyunsaturated fat is not attributable to changes in cholesterol metabolism but rather to a redistribution of plasma cholesterol to tissues due to increased tissue LDL receptor binding.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture, Food Science and Technology.en_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Nutrition.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMcNamara, Donald J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest1340708en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b26281612en_US
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