Vegetation management and water yield in a southwestern ponderosa pine watershed: An evaluation of three hydrologic simulation models

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/277298
Title:
Vegetation management and water yield in a southwestern ponderosa pine watershed: An evaluation of three hydrologic simulation models
Author:
Jeton, Anne Elizabeth, 1956-
Issue Date:
1990
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Three hydrologic simulation models of different resolutions were evaluated to determine model response to predicting runoff under changing vegetation cover. Two empirically-based regression models (Baker-Kovner Streamflow Regression Model and ECOSIM) and one multiple component water balance model (Yield) were modified, using FORTRAN 77 and calibrated on a southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystem. Statistical analysis indicate no significant difference between the Baker-Kovner and Yield models, while ECOSIM consistently under predicts by as much as 50 percent from the observed runoff. This is mainly attributed to a sensitivity to the insolation factor. Yield is the best predictor for moderate and high flows, to within 10 and 20 percent respectively. Of the four watershed treatments, the light overstory thinning on Watershed 8 yielded the best response for all three models. This is in contrast to the strip-cut treatment on Watershed 14 which consistently over-predicted, in large part due an inaccurate estimation of snowpack evaporation on the exposed, south-facing strip-cuts. Runoff responses are highly influenced by the precipitation regime, soil and topographic characteristics of a watershed as well as by a reduction in evapotranspiration losses from changes in vegetation cover.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Environmental Sciences.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Guertin, D. Phillip

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleVegetation management and water yield in a southwestern ponderosa pine watershed: An evaluation of three hydrologic simulation modelsen_US
dc.creatorJeton, Anne Elizabeth, 1956-en_US
dc.contributor.authorJeton, Anne Elizabeth, 1956-en_US
dc.date.issued1990en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThree hydrologic simulation models of different resolutions were evaluated to determine model response to predicting runoff under changing vegetation cover. Two empirically-based regression models (Baker-Kovner Streamflow Regression Model and ECOSIM) and one multiple component water balance model (Yield) were modified, using FORTRAN 77 and calibrated on a southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystem. Statistical analysis indicate no significant difference between the Baker-Kovner and Yield models, while ECOSIM consistently under predicts by as much as 50 percent from the observed runoff. This is mainly attributed to a sensitivity to the insolation factor. Yield is the best predictor for moderate and high flows, to within 10 and 20 percent respectively. Of the four watershed treatments, the light overstory thinning on Watershed 8 yielded the best response for all three models. This is in contrast to the strip-cut treatment on Watershed 14 which consistently over-predicted, in large part due an inaccurate estimation of snowpack evaporation on the exposed, south-facing strip-cuts. Runoff responses are highly influenced by the precipitation regime, soil and topographic characteristics of a watershed as well as by a reduction in evapotranspiration losses from changes in vegetation cover.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorGuertin, D. Phillipen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1340288en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b26251929en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.