Bone mineral content of femur, lumbar vertebrae, and radius in eumenorrheic female athletes

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/276757
Title:
Bone mineral content of femur, lumbar vertebrae, and radius in eumenorrheic female athletes
Author:
Westfall, Carola Hammer, 1953-
Issue Date:
1988
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This study compared bone mineral index (BMI, gm/cm²) of the femur, spine, and radius, measured by photon absorptiometry in various groups of eumenorrheic female athletes. The sample included body builders (11), swimmers (13), runners (5 collegiate, 11 recreational), and inactive controls (18) averaging 25 years of age, ranging from 17 to 38 years. Lumbar vertebral BMI for body builders (1.40 gm/cm²) was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) greater than controls (1.25 gm/cm²). The body builders' femoral neck BMI (1.09 gm/cm²) was significantly greater than swimmers (0.97 gm/cm², recreational runners and controls (0.95 gm/cm²). Years of exercise history and calcium consumption were not significant predictors of BMI. Correlation coefficients between fat-free body and all BMI sites were significant and more closely related to bone mineral than other variables (weight, height, weight/height²). Correlation coefficients for proximal and distal radius BMI and femoral and spine BMI were significant, the distal radius having higher association.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Bone densitometry.; Women bodybuilders -- Physiology.; Runners (Sports) -- Physiology.; Swimmers -- Physiology.; Exercise -- Physiological aspects.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Exercise and Sport Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Lohman, Timothy G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleBone mineral content of femur, lumbar vertebrae, and radius in eumenorrheic female athletesen_US
dc.creatorWestfall, Carola Hammer, 1953-en_US
dc.contributor.authorWestfall, Carola Hammer, 1953-en_US
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study compared bone mineral index (BMI, gm/cm²) of the femur, spine, and radius, measured by photon absorptiometry in various groups of eumenorrheic female athletes. The sample included body builders (11), swimmers (13), runners (5 collegiate, 11 recreational), and inactive controls (18) averaging 25 years of age, ranging from 17 to 38 years. Lumbar vertebral BMI for body builders (1.40 gm/cm²) was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) greater than controls (1.25 gm/cm²). The body builders' femoral neck BMI (1.09 gm/cm²) was significantly greater than swimmers (0.97 gm/cm², recreational runners and controls (0.95 gm/cm²). Years of exercise history and calcium consumption were not significant predictors of BMI. Correlation coefficients between fat-free body and all BMI sites were significant and more closely related to bone mineral than other variables (weight, height, weight/height²). Correlation coefficients for proximal and distal radius BMI and femoral and spine BMI were significant, the distal radius having higher association.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBone densitometry.en_US
dc.subjectWomen bodybuilders -- Physiology.en_US
dc.subjectRunners (Sports) -- Physiology.en_US
dc.subjectSwimmers -- Physiology.en_US
dc.subjectExercise -- Physiological aspects.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineExercise and Sport Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLohman, Timothy G.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest1334091en_US
dc.identifier.oclc21170881en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b18411307en_US
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