THERMAL RING OPENING OF CYCLOPROPANES AS INITIATORS FOR POLYMERIZATION

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/276540
Title:
THERMAL RING OPENING OF CYCLOPROPANES AS INITIATORS FOR POLYMERIZATION
Author:
Willis, Terrance James, 1959-
Issue Date:
1987
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Donor-Acceptor tetramethylenes have been studied by polymerizations. 1,4-Zwitterionic intermediates are indicated when reactive tetramethylenes initiate homopolymerization. Alternately, 1,4-diradical intermediates initiate copolymerization. This basis for studying intermediates has led to an empirical table for predicting the zwitterionic and diradical nature of addition and polymerization reactions of tetramethylenes. Here we attempted to extend this work to trimethalylenes by studying the thermal ring opening of ethyl chrysanthemate, ethyl 1-cyano-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-cyclopropane-corboxylate, ethyl 1-cyano-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-cyclopro-panecroboxylate, and diethyl 1,3-dicyano-w,r-di(2-methoxyphenyl)-cyclobutanedicarboxylate. These compounds were found to be thermally stable to 150°C and did not initiate polymerization in styrene, methyl methacrylate, a series of high boiling acrylates, and dimethyl fumarate. Free radicals were trapped in dimethyl fumarate to give oligomers at temperatures above 110°C. Even though the compounds studied did not initiate polymerization at decomposition temperatures of 175°-200°C, dimethyl fumarate may prove useful in these studies in the future.
Type:
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Cyclopropane.; Alkenes.; Polymers.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Chemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleTHERMAL RING OPENING OF CYCLOPROPANES AS INITIATORS FOR POLYMERIZATIONen_US
dc.creatorWillis, Terrance James, 1959-en_US
dc.contributor.authorWillis, Terrance James, 1959-en_US
dc.date.issued1987en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractDonor-Acceptor tetramethylenes have been studied by polymerizations. 1,4-Zwitterionic intermediates are indicated when reactive tetramethylenes initiate homopolymerization. Alternately, 1,4-diradical intermediates initiate copolymerization. This basis for studying intermediates has led to an empirical table for predicting the zwitterionic and diradical nature of addition and polymerization reactions of tetramethylenes. Here we attempted to extend this work to trimethalylenes by studying the thermal ring opening of ethyl chrysanthemate, ethyl 1-cyano-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-cyclopropane-corboxylate, ethyl 1-cyano-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-cyclopro-panecroboxylate, and diethyl 1,3-dicyano-w,r-di(2-methoxyphenyl)-cyclobutanedicarboxylate. These compounds were found to be thermally stable to 150°C and did not initiate polymerization in styrene, methyl methacrylate, a series of high boiling acrylates, and dimethyl fumarate. Free radicals were trapped in dimethyl fumarate to give oligomers at temperatures above 110°C. Even though the compounds studied did not initiate polymerization at decomposition temperatures of 175°-200°C, dimethyl fumarate may prove useful in these studies in the future.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectCyclopropane.en_US
dc.subjectAlkenes.en_US
dc.subjectPolymers.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1332169en_US
dc.identifier.oclc18598568en_US
dc.identifier.bibrecord.b16598192en_US
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