Instruction in Metacognitive Strategies to Increase Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students' Reading Comprehension

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/265374
Title:
Instruction in Metacognitive Strategies to Increase Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students' Reading Comprehension
Author:
Benedict, Kendra M.
Issue Date:
2012
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The purpose of this intervention study was to test the use of a reading comprehension strategy with students who are deaf/hard of hearing (D/HH) in monitoring and resolving problems with comprehension. The strategy, named Comprehension Check and Repair (CC&R), was designed for D/HH students who struggle with comprehension, despite at least average grade level fluency skills. Sufficient research exists in mainstream reading instruction literature to suggest that instruction in metacognitive strategies might positively influence reading comprehension for D/HH students. The CC&R strategy incorporated the use of question-answer relationships and text connections; the instructional method incorporated the use of direct instruction, various levels of supported practice, and think-alouds. The effect of the intervention on the number of details D/HH students retold following oral reading was examined using a multiple baseline design. Frequency data were collected for behaviors that detracted from (i.e., non-strategic) and promoted (i.e., strategic) comprehension during and immediately following oral reading. Results showed (a) increases in strategic reading behavior for Students A, B, and C; (b) decreases in non-strategic reading behavior for Students A and B; and (c) increases in reading comprehension for Student A, and possibly for Student B. The study adds to the limited reading intervention research in education of D/HH students. Instruction in metacognitive strategies to increase strategy use during reading may be an effective means by which to increase reading comprehension for D/HH students. Teachers not only maintained use of the strategy with the students who participated in the study, but also introduced it to other students with whom they worked. Social validity data provided by the teachers and the students indicated high acceptability of the intervention. Limitations and implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
metacognition; reading comprehension; reading instruction; strategy instruction; Special Education; comprehension strategies; deaf and hard of hearing students
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Special Education
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Antia, Shirin

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleInstruction in Metacognitive Strategies to Increase Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students' Reading Comprehensionen_US
dc.creatorBenedict, Kendra M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBenedict, Kendra M.en_US
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this intervention study was to test the use of a reading comprehension strategy with students who are deaf/hard of hearing (D/HH) in monitoring and resolving problems with comprehension. The strategy, named Comprehension Check and Repair (CC&R), was designed for D/HH students who struggle with comprehension, despite at least average grade level fluency skills. Sufficient research exists in mainstream reading instruction literature to suggest that instruction in metacognitive strategies might positively influence reading comprehension for D/HH students. The CC&R strategy incorporated the use of question-answer relationships and text connections; the instructional method incorporated the use of direct instruction, various levels of supported practice, and think-alouds. The effect of the intervention on the number of details D/HH students retold following oral reading was examined using a multiple baseline design. Frequency data were collected for behaviors that detracted from (i.e., non-strategic) and promoted (i.e., strategic) comprehension during and immediately following oral reading. Results showed (a) increases in strategic reading behavior for Students A, B, and C; (b) decreases in non-strategic reading behavior for Students A and B; and (c) increases in reading comprehension for Student A, and possibly for Student B. The study adds to the limited reading intervention research in education of D/HH students. Instruction in metacognitive strategies to increase strategy use during reading may be an effective means by which to increase reading comprehension for D/HH students. Teachers not only maintained use of the strategy with the students who participated in the study, but also introduced it to other students with whom they worked. Social validity data provided by the teachers and the students indicated high acceptability of the intervention. Limitations and implications for future research and practice are discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectmetacognitionen_US
dc.subjectreading comprehensionen_US
dc.subjectreading instructionen_US
dc.subjectstrategy instructionen_US
dc.subjectSpecial Educationen_US
dc.subjectcomprehension strategiesen_US
dc.subjectdeaf and hard of hearing studentsen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSpecial Educationen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorAntia, Shirinen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLiaupsin, Carlen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFerro, Joleneaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAntia, Shirinen_US
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