Spectroscopic and Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Fundamental Interfacial Charge Transfer Processes Relevant to Efficient Solar Energy Conversion

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/255173
Title:
Spectroscopic and Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Fundamental Interfacial Charge Transfer Processes Relevant to Efficient Solar Energy Conversion
Author:
Jenkins, Judith Lynn
Issue Date:
2012
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Solar energy conversion is accomplished by multilayered devices consisting of various conducting and semiconducting materials. Because the layers are only 10s - 100s of nm thick, device behavior is governed primarily by interfacial molecular dynamics that often differ from the bulk behavior of these materials. The thermodynamics and kinetics of the interfacial interactions are particularly interesting, as interfacial electron transfer strongly influence the efficiency of photovoltaics and devices used in solar hydrogen production. This work focuses specifically on interfacial charge transfer processes occurring at three interfaces relevant to thin film organic/inorganic solar energy conversion devices. i) A potential-step polymer electrochemical deposition and doping procedure was developed and used to create poly(3-hexylthiophene) (e-P3HT) interlayer films for organic photovoltaics. Photoelectron spectroscopies suggest that an interface dipole forms spontaneously at the polymer donor/fullerene acceptor interface through partial interfacial charge transfer prior to photoexcitation; this doping-dependent interfacial dipole was correlated to the electrical properties of these critical heterojunctions. ii) Potential-modulated fluorescence spectroscopy (PMF) was developed and used examine the kinetics of the reversible oxidation of the (e-P3HT) films in attempt to elucidate the ITO/e-P3HT charge transfer rates. However, the optical switching increased linearly as the polymer film decreased, indicating that the molecular-level process probed by PMF was rate-limited by counter-ion movement into and out of the polymer film. iii) Potential-modulated attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy (PM-ATR) was used to examine the reversible reduction of CdSe semiconductor nanocrystals tethered to indium tin oxide electrodes as well as the surface-coverage dependent bleaching of these nanocrystals. A new equivalent circuit model describing the CdSe/ITO electrode is proposed, and a PM-ATR simulation program was used to quantify Faradiac resistances to interfacial charge transfer that trend with the magnitude of overpotential. The insights gained through these experiments add to a growing understanding of the fundamental, molecular-level competition between photoinduced charge generation and parasitic charge recombination at these critical interfaces.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Chemistry
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Chemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Armstrong, Neal R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSpectroscopic and Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Fundamental Interfacial Charge Transfer Processes Relevant to Efficient Solar Energy Conversionen_US
dc.creatorJenkins, Judith Lynnen_US
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, Judith Lynnen_US
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSolar energy conversion is accomplished by multilayered devices consisting of various conducting and semiconducting materials. Because the layers are only 10s - 100s of nm thick, device behavior is governed primarily by interfacial molecular dynamics that often differ from the bulk behavior of these materials. The thermodynamics and kinetics of the interfacial interactions are particularly interesting, as interfacial electron transfer strongly influence the efficiency of photovoltaics and devices used in solar hydrogen production. This work focuses specifically on interfacial charge transfer processes occurring at three interfaces relevant to thin film organic/inorganic solar energy conversion devices. i) A potential-step polymer electrochemical deposition and doping procedure was developed and used to create poly(3-hexylthiophene) (e-P3HT) interlayer films for organic photovoltaics. Photoelectron spectroscopies suggest that an interface dipole forms spontaneously at the polymer donor/fullerene acceptor interface through partial interfacial charge transfer prior to photoexcitation; this doping-dependent interfacial dipole was correlated to the electrical properties of these critical heterojunctions. ii) Potential-modulated fluorescence spectroscopy (PMF) was developed and used examine the kinetics of the reversible oxidation of the (e-P3HT) films in attempt to elucidate the ITO/e-P3HT charge transfer rates. However, the optical switching increased linearly as the polymer film decreased, indicating that the molecular-level process probed by PMF was rate-limited by counter-ion movement into and out of the polymer film. iii) Potential-modulated attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy (PM-ATR) was used to examine the reversible reduction of CdSe semiconductor nanocrystals tethered to indium tin oxide electrodes as well as the surface-coverage dependent bleaching of these nanocrystals. A new equivalent circuit model describing the CdSe/ITO electrode is proposed, and a PM-ATR simulation program was used to quantify Faradiac resistances to interfacial charge transfer that trend with the magnitude of overpotential. The insights gained through these experiments add to a growing understanding of the fundamental, molecular-level competition between photoinduced charge generation and parasitic charge recombination at these critical interfaces.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaavendra, S. Scotten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWalker, F. Annen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHeien, Michael L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
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