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Structure and Petrology of the Oracle Granite, Pinal County, Arizona
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- Structure and Petrology of the Oracle Granite, Pinal County, Arizona
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- Oracle granite, probably emplaced in older Precambrian time contains the relic pattern imposed on the Pinal schist by the Mazatzal orogeny. The "granite" of that time was a granodiorite. It is now a porphyritic quartz monzonite that varies unsystematically toward granodiarite and biotite granite. The trend of its principal Precambrian foliation is northeast-southwest and this is crossed by northwesterly-trending Precambrian foliation. After the Mazatzal orogeny, peneplanation, and deposition of the younger Precambrian Apache group, a series of dikes was emplaced in the Oracle granite, beginning with coarse and medium grained diabase and ending with andesite and rhyolite. The earlier members of the sequence, including diabase, aplite, pegmatite, quartz and latite were emplaced when tensional stresses opened a series of northwest trending fractures. The tension seems to have been related to right lateral strike-slip along the Mogul fault zone, which forms the southern border of the granite. In Jurassic or Cretaceous time the strike-slip on the Mogul fault was reversed; northeast-trending Pinal schist south of the fault was rotated counter-clockwise into partial parallelism with the fault, a transition zone north of the fault was likewise dragged and andesite and rhyolite dikes were emplaced in northeast-trending "feather fractures." The structural and petrographic evidence suggests that metasomatism was important in the origin of the Precambrian granodiorite, but the existence of some magma cannot be precluded. Likewise the evidence suggests that the potash metasomatism that changed the granodiorite to quartz monzonite may have taken place at the time of the later intense movements, that is, during Jurassic or Cretaceous time. However, an earlier age of potash introduction is not unlikely.
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- University of Arizona
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- Mayo, Evans B.
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