A Re-Os Study of Sulfides from the Bagdad Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Northern Arizona, USA

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A Re-Os Study of Sulfides from the Bagdad Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Northern Arizona, USA
Barra-Pantoja, Luis Fernando
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The University of Arizona.
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Use of Re-Os systematics in sulfides from the Bagdad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit provide information on the timing of mineralization and the source of the ore -forming elements. Analyzed samples of pyrite, chalcopyrite and molybdenite mainly from the quartz monzonite and porphyritic quartz monzonite units are characterized by a moderate to strong potassic alteration (secondary biotite and K- feldspar). Rhenium concentrations in molybdenite are between 330 and 730 ppm. Two molybdenite samples from the quartz monzonite and porphyritic quartz monzonite provide a Re-Os isotope age of 71.7 ± 0.3 Ma. A third sample from a molybdenite vein in Precambrian rocks yields an age of 75.8 ± 0.4 Ma. These molybdenite ages support previous suggestions of two mineralization episodes in the Bagdad deposit. An early event at 76 Ma and a later episode at 72 Ma. Pyrite Os and Re concentrations range between 0.008-0.016 and 3.9-6.8 ppb, respectively. Chalcopyrite contains a wide range of Os (6 to 91 ppt) and Re (1.7 to 69 ppb) concentrations and variable ¹⁸⁷Os/¹⁸⁸Os ratios that range between 0.13 to 22.27. This variability in the chalcopyrite data may be attributed to different copper sources, one of them the Proterozoic volcanic massive sulfides in the district, or to alteration and remobilization of Re and Os. Analyses from two pyrite samples yield an eight point isochron with an age of 77 ± 15 Ma and an initial ¹⁸⁷Os/¹⁸⁸Os ratio of 2.12. This pyrite Re-Os isochron age is in good agreement with the molybdenite ages. We interpret the highly radiogenic initial 1870s/188Os as an indication that the source of Os and, by inference, the ore-forming elements for the Bagdad deposit, was mainly the crust. This conclusion agrees with previous Pb and Nd isotope studies and supports the notion that a significant part of the metals and magmas have a crustal source.
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absolute age; Arizona; Bagdad deposit; Cenozoic; chemical composition; copper ores; Cretaceous; dates; deformation; geochemistry; hydrothermal alteration; igneous rocks; intrusions; isotope ratios; isotopes; Laramide Orogeny; lithostratigraphy; magmatism; Mesozoic; metal ores; metallogeny; metals; metamorphic rocks; metasomatism; mineral composition; mineral deposits, genesis; mineral exploration; mineralization; molybdenum ores; northern Arizona; Os-188 / Os-187; osmium; Paleogene; paragenesis; platinum group; plutonic rocks; porphyry copper; quartz monzonite; radioactive isotopes; Re-187 / Os-188; Re / Os; rhenium; stable isotopes; sulfides; tectonics; Tertiary; United States; Upper Cretaceous; veins
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Graduate College; Geosciences
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University of Arizona
Ruiz, Joaquin
Committee Chair:
Ruiz, Joaquin

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