Naturalistically Observed Social Support and Optimism in Couples Coping with Breast Cancer

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/244478
Title:
Naturalistically Observed Social Support and Optimism in Couples Coping with Breast Cancer
Author:
Mets, Marisha
Issue Date:
May-2012
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Objective: The goal of this study was to explore the relationship among self-reported optimism, naturalistic language use, daily receipt of social support, and self-reported depressive symptoms. Specifically, it investigated what implications the use of positive emotion words has for coping with breast cancer. Methods: The present project employed the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an unobtrusive observation sampling method that periodically records snippets of ambient sounds, to track language use and social support in the daily interactions of breast cancer patients and their partners. Participants also completed self-reported measures of dispositional optimism and depressive symptoms. Results: Self-reported optimism correlated significantly with the use of positive emotion words among breast cancer patients. Naturalistically observed positive emotion words were also related to increased observed social support. Conclusion: These results offer preliminary support for the notion that positive emotion words are a linguistic indicator of optimism in breast cancer patients. There was also some evidence that optimistic individuals may be able to elicit social support via the use of positive emotion words. This is one of the first studies to examine the role of naturalistically observed language and social support in the context of optimism.
Type:
text; Electronic Thesis
Degree Name:
B.S.
Degree Level:
bachelors
Degree Program:
Honors College; Psychology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleNaturalistically Observed Social Support and Optimism in Couples Coping with Breast Canceren_US
dc.creatorMets, Marishaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMets, Marishaen_US
dc.date.issued2012-05-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective: The goal of this study was to explore the relationship among self-reported optimism, naturalistic language use, daily receipt of social support, and self-reported depressive symptoms. Specifically, it investigated what implications the use of positive emotion words has for coping with breast cancer. Methods: The present project employed the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an unobtrusive observation sampling method that periodically records snippets of ambient sounds, to track language use and social support in the daily interactions of breast cancer patients and their partners. Participants also completed self-reported measures of dispositional optimism and depressive symptoms. Results: Self-reported optimism correlated significantly with the use of positive emotion words among breast cancer patients. Naturalistically observed positive emotion words were also related to increased observed social support. Conclusion: These results offer preliminary support for the notion that positive emotion words are a linguistic indicator of optimism in breast cancer patients. There was also some evidence that optimistic individuals may be able to elicit social support via the use of positive emotion words. This is one of the first studies to examine the role of naturalistically observed language and social support in the context of optimism.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen_US
thesis.degree.nameB.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelbachelorsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
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