Stratigraphy and Depositional History of the Pantano Formation (Oligocene-Early Miocene), Pima County, Arizona

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Stratigraphy and Depositional History of the Pantano Formation (Oligocene-Early Miocene), Pima County, Arizona
Balcer, Richard Allen
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The University of Arizona.
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The Pantano Formation comprises 1,250 m of alluvial, fluvial, lacustrine, and volcanic rocks deposited in a basin formed in response to regional extension during mid- Tertiary time in southeastern Arizona. During deposition, the locations and composition of sediment source areas varied as contemporaneous uplift occurred adjacent to the basin. The lower half of the formation was deposited as alluvial fans that prograded northward, westward, and southward; the upper half was deposited during southwestward retreat of alluvial fan deposition and the onset of lacustrine deposition. An andesite flow separates the two depositional regimes. Radiometric dates of 24.4 ± 2.6 m.y. B.P. for the andesite and 36.7 ± 1.1 m.y. B.P. for a rhyolitic tuff disconformably underlying the formation indicate that deposition occurred during Oligocene to early Miocene time. Proper stratigraphic sequencing and description, paleocurrent analysis, and gravel provenance study aided in understanding the depositional history of the formation.
text; Thesis-Reproduction (electronic)
absolute age; alluvial fans; andesites; Arizona; Basin and Range Province; basins; Cenozoic; dates; environment; geochronology; igneous rocks; interpretation; lacustrine environment; Miocene; Neogene; North America; Paleogene; Pantano Formation; Pima County Arizona; provenance; rhyolites; sedimentary basins; sedimentary rocks; sedimentation; southern Arizona; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; United States; volcanic rocks; Geology, Stratigraphic -- Miocene; Geology, Stratigraphic -- Oligocene; Sedimentation and deposition -- Arizona -- Cienega Gap Region; Sedimentation and deposition -- Arizona -- Pima County
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Graduate College; Geosciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Schreiber, J. F. Jr.
Committee Chair:
Schreiber, J. F. Jr.

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