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Geology of the Owl Head Mining District, Pinal County, Arizona
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- Geology of the Owl Head Mining District, Pinal County, Arizona
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- The Owl Head mining District is located in south-central Pinal County, Arizona, within the Basin and Range province. Land forms, particularity pediments, characteristic of this province are abundant in this area. Precambrian rocks of the Owl Head mining district include the Pinal schist; gneiss; intrusions of granite, quartz monzonite and quartz diorite; and small amounts of Dripping Spring quartzite and metamorphosed Mescal limestone. These have been intruded by dikes and plugs of diorite and andesite, and are unconformably overlain by volcanic rocks and continental sedimentary rocks of Tertiary and Quaternary age. No rocks of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras have been recognized. The structural trends of the Owl Head mining district probably reflect four major lineament directions. The dominant structural trends found in the area are north and northwest. Subordinate to these directions are northeast and easterly trends. The strike of the northerly trend varies from due north to N30°E and was probably developed during the Mazatzal Revolution. The northwest trend has probably been superposed over the northerly trend at some later date. Copper mineralization is abundant in the area and prospecting by both individuals and mining companies has been extensive. To date no ore body of any magnitude has been found, but evidence suggests that an economic copper deposit may exist within the area. The copper mineralization visible at the surface consists mainly of the secondary copper minerals chrysocolla, malachite, azurite, and chalcocite with chrysocolla being by far the most abundant. Copper minerals are found to occur in all rocks older than middle Tertiary age. Placer magnetite deposits are found in the alluvial material of this area, and one such deposit is now being mined.
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- University of Arizona
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- Mitcham, Thomas W.
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