The Arts of Persuasion: Musical Rhetoric in the Keyboard Genres of Dieterich Buxtehude

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/242454
Title:
The Arts of Persuasion: Musical Rhetoric in the Keyboard Genres of Dieterich Buxtehude
Author:
Anderson, Ron James
Issue Date:
2012
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Dietrich Buxtehude (ca. 1637-1707) was a North German composer of the mid-Baroque period. He lived in a time and place in which classical rhetoric, the study of oratory, influenced education, religion, and music. Applying the definition of rhetoric as the art of persuasion, this study surveys the different persuasive strategies employed by Buxtehude in his various keyboard genres. The elements considered in this inquiry include the affects of keys and modes, rhetorical figures, and structures of speeches as applied to music. The style and setting (ethos), intellectual content (logos), and emotional effect (pathos) are explored in each genre as elements of rhetorical persuasion. This study reveals that different genres of Buxtehude's keyboard music utilize different rhetorical strategies and techniques. These strategies vary according to the purpose of the music (i.e., secular or sacred), the presence or absence of an associated text, and the form of the composition. The chorale preludes, since they are driven by texts, use figures such as hypotyposis, assimilatio, anabasis and catabasis, to musically highlight important words in the text, or to amplify the text's underlying meaning. The suites, and parts of the variations, reflect the affects of the various dance movements as described by Johann Mattheson, Gregory Butler, and Patricia Ranum. The rhetorical nature of contrapuntal works is considered in terms of solving a musical issue through musical proofs, as described by Daniel Harrison. Finally, the praeludia embody the rhetorical form of the classical dispositio, or form of a forensic speech. These sectional works are arranged in such a way as to advantageously present both emotional and intellectual facets of a musical oration.The study also asserts that it is stylistically appropriate, given the audience-centered values of rhetorical persuasion, to perform Buxtehude's manualiter works at the piano, providing that they are played in a manner consistent with the style and structure of the music. This view is fortified by evidence that Baroque musicians, compared to modern musicians, were far less specific about instrumentation and musical details. An appendix offers specific performance suggestions for pianists in each of the works discussed in the study.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Keyboard; Music; Rhetoric; Baroque; Buxtehude
Degree Name:
D.M.A.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Music
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Woods, Rex A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe Arts of Persuasion: Musical Rhetoric in the Keyboard Genres of Dieterich Buxtehudeen_US
dc.creatorAnderson, Ron Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Ron Jamesen_US
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractDietrich Buxtehude (ca. 1637-1707) was a North German composer of the mid-Baroque period. He lived in a time and place in which classical rhetoric, the study of oratory, influenced education, religion, and music. Applying the definition of rhetoric as the art of persuasion, this study surveys the different persuasive strategies employed by Buxtehude in his various keyboard genres. The elements considered in this inquiry include the affects of keys and modes, rhetorical figures, and structures of speeches as applied to music. The style and setting (ethos), intellectual content (logos), and emotional effect (pathos) are explored in each genre as elements of rhetorical persuasion. This study reveals that different genres of Buxtehude's keyboard music utilize different rhetorical strategies and techniques. These strategies vary according to the purpose of the music (i.e., secular or sacred), the presence or absence of an associated text, and the form of the composition. The chorale preludes, since they are driven by texts, use figures such as hypotyposis, assimilatio, anabasis and catabasis, to musically highlight important words in the text, or to amplify the text's underlying meaning. The suites, and parts of the variations, reflect the affects of the various dance movements as described by Johann Mattheson, Gregory Butler, and Patricia Ranum. The rhetorical nature of contrapuntal works is considered in terms of solving a musical issue through musical proofs, as described by Daniel Harrison. Finally, the praeludia embody the rhetorical form of the classical dispositio, or form of a forensic speech. These sectional works are arranged in such a way as to advantageously present both emotional and intellectual facets of a musical oration.The study also asserts that it is stylistically appropriate, given the audience-centered values of rhetorical persuasion, to perform Buxtehude's manualiter works at the piano, providing that they are played in a manner consistent with the style and structure of the music. This view is fortified by evidence that Baroque musicians, compared to modern musicians, were far less specific about instrumentation and musical details. An appendix offers specific performance suggestions for pianists in each of the works discussed in the study.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectKeyboarden_US
dc.subjectMusicen_US
dc.subjectRhetoricen_US
dc.subjectBaroqueen_US
dc.subjectBuxtehudeen_US
thesis.degree.nameD.M.A.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMusicen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWoods, Rex A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFan, Paulaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGibson, Tannisen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWoods, Rex A.en_US
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