Labor Input Elasticity, Employment Outcomes, and Occupation Segregation

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/232492
Title:
Labor Input Elasticity, Employment Outcomes, and Occupation Segregation
Author:
Shahiri, Hazrul Izuan
Issue Date:
2012
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The first chapter of this thesis studies the effect of labor unions on the elasticity of substitution between production inputs in several transportation industries such as railroad, postal service and air transportation. The elasticity is derived from two different methods: the CES production function and the translog cost function. This study finds that labor unions lower the flexibility to substitute between labor and capital in the air transportation industry. The second chapter estimates the effect of using internet job search on labor market outcomes. This study uses a Cox Proportional Hazard Model to find the effect of internet job search on unemployment duration. Further, a generalized Oaxaca wage decomposition is employed to explore a difference in wages received between internet job searchers and non-internet job searchers. The results show that internet job search is associated with higher education. However, there is no evidence that internet job search shortens unemployment duration of the job searchers. Finally, internet job searchers obtain slightly lower wages than non-internet job searchers. The last chapter in this dissertation studies the effect of New Economy Policy (NEP) on ethnics' economics gap in Malaysia. Specifically, this chapter estimates a degree of occupational segregation before and after NEP between ethnic Malays and Chinese, between ethnic Malaya and Indians, and between ethnic Chinese and Indians by using the Duncan Dissimilarity Index. In addition, this study also estimates a generalized Oaxaca wage decomposition between these ethnic groups before and after NEP. This study finds that NEP managed to reduce occupational segregation between all ethnic groups. However, all ethnic wage gaps continued to rise after 1986.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
internet; segregation; unemployment; union; Economics; differential; elasticity
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Economics
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Oaxaca, Ronald

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleLabor Input Elasticity, Employment Outcomes, and Occupation Segregationen_US
dc.creatorShahiri, Hazrul Izuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorShahiri, Hazrul Izuanen_US
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe first chapter of this thesis studies the effect of labor unions on the elasticity of substitution between production inputs in several transportation industries such as railroad, postal service and air transportation. The elasticity is derived from two different methods: the CES production function and the translog cost function. This study finds that labor unions lower the flexibility to substitute between labor and capital in the air transportation industry. The second chapter estimates the effect of using internet job search on labor market outcomes. This study uses a Cox Proportional Hazard Model to find the effect of internet job search on unemployment duration. Further, a generalized Oaxaca wage decomposition is employed to explore a difference in wages received between internet job searchers and non-internet job searchers. The results show that internet job search is associated with higher education. However, there is no evidence that internet job search shortens unemployment duration of the job searchers. Finally, internet job searchers obtain slightly lower wages than non-internet job searchers. The last chapter in this dissertation studies the effect of New Economy Policy (NEP) on ethnics' economics gap in Malaysia. Specifically, this chapter estimates a degree of occupational segregation before and after NEP between ethnic Malays and Chinese, between ethnic Malaya and Indians, and between ethnic Chinese and Indians by using the Duncan Dissimilarity Index. In addition, this study also estimates a generalized Oaxaca wage decomposition between these ethnic groups before and after NEP. This study finds that NEP managed to reduce occupational segregation between all ethnic groups. However, all ethnic wage gaps continued to rise after 1986.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectinterneten_US
dc.subjectsegregationen_US
dc.subjectunemploymenten_US
dc.subjectunionen_US
dc.subjectEconomicsen_US
dc.subjectdifferentialen_US
dc.subjectelasticityen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEconomicsen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorOaxaca, Ronalden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFishback, Priceen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReynolds, Stanleyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStegeman, Marken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberOaxaca, Ronalden_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.