TRP1 Peptide Requires Internalization and is Partially Dependent on GILT for Efficient Presentation on MHC Class II

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/221412
Title:
TRP1 Peptide Requires Internalization and is Partially Dependent on GILT for Efficient Presentation on MHC Class II
Author:
Sjursen, Anne Marie
Affiliation:
The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Issue Date:
1-May-2012
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Collection Information:
This item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2012 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Abstract:
Tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP1) is a melanosomal integral membrane protein and melanocyte differentiation antigen that contributes to the synthesis of melanin in melanocytes. Present in both benign and malignant melanocytes, it has been implicated in the autoimmune development of vitiligo and melanoma antitumor immunity. Since a naturally occurring MHC class II-restricted TRP1 epitope contains cysteine residues, we hypothesized that this epitope will require internalization and reduction by gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) for presentation on class II. GILT is known to catalyze the reduction of protein disulfide bonds in the endocytic pathway and contribute to antigen processing and presentation of certain MHC class I and class II epitopes. We have previously shown that GILT is required for efficient class II-restricted presentation of TRP1. Here, we found that TRP1 peptide presentation is partially dependent on GILT and that TRP1 peptide requires internalization for efficient presentation on class II. We also determined that antigen presentation increased with increasing peptide dose and increasing APC:T cell ratio. Compared to other TRP1-specific T cells, primary TRP1-specific T cells from TRP1BwRAG-/- 5 TRP1tg mice produce maximal IL-2 in response to presentation of TRP1. These results further illustrate the importance of GILT in the processing and presentation of TRP1. Thus, GILT may play a role in both the development of autoimmune vitiligo and anti-melanoma immune responses.
Keywords:
GILT
MeSH Subjects:
tyrosinase-related protein-1
Description:
A Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.
Mentor:
Hastings, Karen, MD, MPH

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titleTRP1 Peptide Requires Internalization and is Partially Dependent on GILT for Efficient Presentation on MHC Class IIen_US
dc.contributor.authorSjursen, Anne Marieen_US
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen_US
dc.date.issued2012-05-01-
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2012 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.description.abstractTyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP1) is a melanosomal integral membrane protein and melanocyte differentiation antigen that contributes to the synthesis of melanin in melanocytes. Present in both benign and malignant melanocytes, it has been implicated in the autoimmune development of vitiligo and melanoma antitumor immunity. Since a naturally occurring MHC class II-restricted TRP1 epitope contains cysteine residues, we hypothesized that this epitope will require internalization and reduction by gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) for presentation on class II. GILT is known to catalyze the reduction of protein disulfide bonds in the endocytic pathway and contribute to antigen processing and presentation of certain MHC class I and class II epitopes. We have previously shown that GILT is required for efficient class II-restricted presentation of TRP1. Here, we found that TRP1 peptide presentation is partially dependent on GILT and that TRP1 peptide requires internalization for efficient presentation on class II. We also determined that antigen presentation increased with increasing peptide dose and increasing APC:T cell ratio. Compared to other TRP1-specific T cells, primary TRP1-specific T cells from TRP1BwRAG-/- 5 TRP1tg mice produce maximal IL-2 in response to presentation of TRP1. These results further illustrate the importance of GILT in the processing and presentation of TRP1. Thus, GILT may play a role in both the development of autoimmune vitiligo and anti-melanoma immune responses.en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.subjectGILTen_US
dc.subject.meshtyrosinase-related protein-1en_US
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en_US
dc.contributor.mentorHastings, Karen, MD, MPHen_US
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