Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/216053
Title:
Effects of Gypsum on a Wastewater Irrigated Turfgrass Soil
Author:
Mancino, C. F.; Kopec, D. M.
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Journal:
Turfgrass and Ornamentals Research Summary
Abstract:
Secondarily treated wastewater is used extensively in the southwestern United States for turfgrass irrigation, but deterioration in soil quality can occur from sodium (Na) delivered by this water. Application of gypsum (CaSO₄2H₂O) at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ is often recommended to control the Na. Research to determine if this rate is effective on effluent -irrigated turfgrass sites is lacking. A 2-yr study was carried out on a golf course fairway (typic tomf7uvent soil) with a 10 yr history of effluent irrigation and elevated Na levels (800 mg kg⁻¹). Four rates of gypsum (0, 2 240, 4 480, and 8 960 kg ha⁻¹) were surface applied in November 1986 and 1987. Soil samples were collected every 3 months after treatment (MAT) and analyzed for Ca (total and water - soluble (WSCa)), Mg, K, Na, SO₄⁻²-S (S), pH, and electrical conductivity (EC). Results showed elevated WSCa and S levels 3 and 6 MAT in both years. The two highest rates resulted in elevated S levels 12 MAT. During both years, gypsum at the two higher rates decreased Na levels within 3 MAT. The lowest application rate did not reduce Na levels until 12 MAT in 1987 and its effects were not as great. Following the second annual application, the 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ rate was as effective as the higher rates in reducing Na levels 6 and 12 MAT. Total Ca levels were not affected by gypsum but Mg and K levels did decrease. In both years, a temporary increase in EC and decrease in pH occurred after gypsum treatment. It appears that gypsum at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹yr⁻¹ can be as effective as higher application rates in reducing Na in effluent-irrigated turf soil but only after two applications.
Keywords:
Agriculture -- Arizona; Turfgrasses -- Arizona; Turf management -- Arizona; Plants, ornamental -- Arizona; Turfgrasses -- Irrigation
Series/Report no.:
Series P-80; 370080

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.titleEffects of Gypsum on a Wastewater Irrigated Turfgrass Soilen_US
dc.contributor.authorMancino, C. F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKopec, D. M.en_US
dc.date.issued1989-
dc.publisherCollege of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en_US
dc.identifier.journalTurfgrass and Ornamentals Research Summaryen_US
dc.description.abstractSecondarily treated wastewater is used extensively in the southwestern United States for turfgrass irrigation, but deterioration in soil quality can occur from sodium (Na) delivered by this water. Application of gypsum (CaSO₄2H₂O) at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ is often recommended to control the Na. Research to determine if this rate is effective on effluent -irrigated turfgrass sites is lacking. A 2-yr study was carried out on a golf course fairway (typic tomf7uvent soil) with a 10 yr history of effluent irrigation and elevated Na levels (800 mg kg⁻¹). Four rates of gypsum (0, 2 240, 4 480, and 8 960 kg ha⁻¹) were surface applied in November 1986 and 1987. Soil samples were collected every 3 months after treatment (MAT) and analyzed for Ca (total and water - soluble (WSCa)), Mg, K, Na, SO₄⁻²-S (S), pH, and electrical conductivity (EC). Results showed elevated WSCa and S levels 3 and 6 MAT in both years. The two highest rates resulted in elevated S levels 12 MAT. During both years, gypsum at the two higher rates decreased Na levels within 3 MAT. The lowest application rate did not reduce Na levels until 12 MAT in 1987 and its effects were not as great. Following the second annual application, the 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ rate was as effective as the higher rates in reducing Na levels 6 and 12 MAT. Total Ca levels were not affected by gypsum but Mg and K levels did decrease. In both years, a temporary increase in EC and decrease in pH occurred after gypsum treatment. It appears that gypsum at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹yr⁻¹ can be as effective as higher application rates in reducing Na in effluent-irrigated turf soil but only after two applications.en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectTurfgrasses -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectTurf management -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectPlants, ornamental -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectTurfgrasses -- Irrigationen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/216053-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSeries P-80en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries370080en_US
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