Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/214771
Title:
Thermodormancy in Lettuce
Author:
Hurlburt, M. W. II; Ray, D. T.
Issue Date:
Aug-1996
Publisher:
College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Journal:
Vegetable Report
Abstract:
Most lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) seed fails to germinate at high temperatures. This phenomenon thermodormancy, is common in desert regions where 87% of all lettuce is grown in the U.S.A. A study was conducted using a non-thermodormant plant introduction, PI 251245, and two highly thermodormant Dutch butterhead cultivars, 'Dabora' and 'Severa'. Reciprocal crosses were made and germination trials conducted to observe how maternal and paternal influence and seed color contribute to thermodormancy. At 25 °C, germination was 100% for the three parents and the reciprocal F1 hybrids. Germination differences occurred at both 30° and 35 °C among the parents, with P1251245 with 100% germination and Dabora and Severa with less than 10% germination at both temperatures. Segregating F3 and F4 populations from Dabora x PI 251245 were investigated further. Genetic variation found between families suggests that breeding lettuce for improved thermotolerance may be possible. Seed color did not influence thermodormancy.
Keywords:
Agriculture -- Arizona; Vegetables -- Arizona; Lettuce -- Arizona
Series/Report no.:
370104; Series P-104

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.titleThermodormancy in Lettuceen_US
dc.contributor.authorHurlburt, M. W. IIen_US
dc.contributor.authorRay, D. T.en_US
dc.date.issued1996-08-
dc.publisherCollege of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en_US
dc.identifier.journalVegetable Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractMost lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) seed fails to germinate at high temperatures. This phenomenon thermodormancy, is common in desert regions where 87% of all lettuce is grown in the U.S.A. A study was conducted using a non-thermodormant plant introduction, PI 251245, and two highly thermodormant Dutch butterhead cultivars, 'Dabora' and 'Severa'. Reciprocal crosses were made and germination trials conducted to observe how maternal and paternal influence and seed color contribute to thermodormancy. At 25 °C, germination was 100% for the three parents and the reciprocal F1 hybrids. Germination differences occurred at both 30° and 35 °C among the parents, with P1251245 with 100% germination and Dabora and Severa with less than 10% germination at both temperatures. Segregating F3 and F4 populations from Dabora x PI 251245 were investigated further. Genetic variation found between families suggests that breeding lettuce for improved thermotolerance may be possible. Seed color did not influence thermodormancy.en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectVegetables -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectLettuce -- Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/214771-
dc.relation.ispartofseries370104en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSeries P-104en_US
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