Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/210377
Title:
Seasonal Distribution of Bemesia Honeydew Sugars on Pima and Upland Cotton Lint
Author:
Henneberry, T. J.; Forlow Jech, L.; Hendrix, D. L.
Issue Date:
Apr-1998
Publisher:
College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)
Journal:
Cotton: A College of Agriculture Report
Abstract:
Bemisia argentifolii Bellows and Perring populations were higher on Pima S-7 cotton compared with DPL 50 cotton. Higher numbers of mature open cotton bolls occurred earlier for DPL 50 compared with Pima S-7. Also, numbers of open bolls for DPL 50 peaked 8 to 14 days before Pima S-7 and decreased dramatically by 15 September reflecting termination of the first fruiting cycle in August In contrast the indeterminate fruiting pattern of Pima S-7 showed that numbers of open bolls per week declined gradually after the peak without a clear cut termination occurrence. About 95 and 80% of the open cotton bolls, of the Deltapine and Pima S-7 cottons, respectively, occurred by mid- September. This suggests that defoliation timing and early harvest can be important management tools to avoid sticky cotton. For upland cotton, extending the cotton season after 95% of the crop matured (≅ 15 September) resulted in development from non - sticky cotton to lightly- sticky cotton within 21 days following the occurrence of increasing whitefly populations after 15 September. Later fruiting and lack of a distinct end of the first cotton fruiting cycle probably precludes using early defoliation for long -staple Pima cotton. At harvest, thermodetector counts for all weekly harvests were greater than amounts found in lint for randomly selected 20 boll samples; and samples from all cotton picked from 4 m of row. This probably occurred because weekly picked cotton escaped rainfall and exposure and other weathering, in 1995 but not 1996, and machine - picked cotton contains more honeydew- contaminated leaf trash. Except in one instance, thermodetector counts and trehalulose and melezitose content in lint for all sampling methods were significantly correlated.
Keywords:
Agriculture -- Arizona; Cotton -- Arizona; Cotton -- Insect investigations
Series/Report no.:
AZ1006

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.titleSeasonal Distribution of Bemesia Honeydew Sugars on Pima and Upland Cotton Linten_US
dc.contributor.authorHenneberry, T. J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorForlow Jech, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHendrix, D. L.en_US
dc.date.issued1998-04-
dc.publisherCollege of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ)en_US
dc.identifier.journalCotton: A College of Agriculture Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractBemisia argentifolii Bellows and Perring populations were higher on Pima S-7 cotton compared with DPL 50 cotton. Higher numbers of mature open cotton bolls occurred earlier for DPL 50 compared with Pima S-7. Also, numbers of open bolls for DPL 50 peaked 8 to 14 days before Pima S-7 and decreased dramatically by 15 September reflecting termination of the first fruiting cycle in August In contrast the indeterminate fruiting pattern of Pima S-7 showed that numbers of open bolls per week declined gradually after the peak without a clear cut termination occurrence. About 95 and 80% of the open cotton bolls, of the Deltapine and Pima S-7 cottons, respectively, occurred by mid- September. This suggests that defoliation timing and early harvest can be important management tools to avoid sticky cotton. For upland cotton, extending the cotton season after 95% of the crop matured (≅ 15 September) resulted in development from non - sticky cotton to lightly- sticky cotton within 21 days following the occurrence of increasing whitefly populations after 15 September. Later fruiting and lack of a distinct end of the first cotton fruiting cycle probably precludes using early defoliation for long -staple Pima cotton. At harvest, thermodetector counts for all weekly harvests were greater than amounts found in lint for randomly selected 20 boll samples; and samples from all cotton picked from 4 m of row. This probably occurred because weekly picked cotton escaped rainfall and exposure and other weathering, in 1995 but not 1996, and machine - picked cotton contains more honeydew- contaminated leaf trash. Except in one instance, thermodetector counts and trehalulose and melezitose content in lint for all sampling methods were significantly correlated.en_US
dc.subjectAgriculture -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectCotton -- Arizonaen_US
dc.subjectCotton -- Insect investigationsen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/210377-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAZ1006en_US
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