Multidrug And Toxin Extrusion's (MATE) Role in Renal Organic Cation Secretion

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/205470
Title:
Multidrug And Toxin Extrusion's (MATE) Role in Renal Organic Cation Secretion
Author:
Astorga, Bethzaida
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Embargo: Release after 06/02/2012
Abstract:
Organic cations (OCs) make up ~40% of all prescribed drugs and renal secretion plays a major role in clearing these (and other OCs), from the plasma. The active and rate-limiting step of renal OC secretion is mediated by luminal OC/H+ exchange, the molecular basis of which is suspected to involve two homologous transport proteins, Multidrug And Toxin Extruders 1&2-K (MATE1 and MATE2-K). This study has two aims to resolve outstanding issues dealing with the mechanism of MATE-mediated OC transport: (Aim 1) develop predictive models of ligand interaction with hMATE1; (Aim 2) establish the kinetic mechanism(s) of ligand interaction with MATE transporters and the extent to which inhibitory ligands serve as transported substrates of MATE transporters. Transport was measured using human MATE1 and MATE2-K stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. Both MATEs had similar affinities for the prototypic OC substrate, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP), and had overlapping selectivity for most of the test inhibitors. The IC50 values for 59 structurally diverse inhibitory ligands were used to generate a common features (HIPHOP) pharmacophore and three quantitative pharmacophores for hMATE1 (each displaying a significant correlation between predicted and measured IC50 values). The models identified (i) structural features that influence ligand interaction with hMATE1, including hydrophobic regions, H-bond donor and acceptor sites and an ionizable feature; and (ii) novel high affinity inhibitors of MATE-mediated transport from 13 new drug classes. Whereas metformin and creatinine were shown to be competitive inhibitors of MPP, the inhibition of MATE1-mediated MPP transport produced by pyrimethamine (PYR) and related analogs was not competitive but, instead, had a "linear, mixed-type" inhibitory profile suggestive of a MATE binding surface rather than a singular binding site. "Competitive exchange diffusion" showed that selected inhibitory ligands (including quinidine, caffeine, and the organic anion, PAH) also serve as transported substrates for MATE1. In conclusion, these data are consistent with the presence of a MATE binding surface with multiple, non-overlapping binding sites that can display different kinetic interactions with structurally distinct substrates. The creation of hMATE1 pharmacophores offers insight into development and interpretation of predictive models of drug-drug interaction in the kidney.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Pharmacophore; Renal Organic Cation Secretion; Physiological Sciences; Cellular Membrane Transport; Organic Cation
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Physiological Sciences
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Wright, Stephen H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMultidrug And Toxin Extrusion's (MATE) Role in Renal Organic Cation Secretionen_US
dc.creatorAstorga, Bethzaidaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAstorga, Bethzaidaen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseEmbargo: Release after 06/02/2012en_US
dc.description.abstractOrganic cations (OCs) make up ~40% of all prescribed drugs and renal secretion plays a major role in clearing these (and other OCs), from the plasma. The active and rate-limiting step of renal OC secretion is mediated by luminal OC/H+ exchange, the molecular basis of which is suspected to involve two homologous transport proteins, Multidrug And Toxin Extruders 1&2-K (MATE1 and MATE2-K). This study has two aims to resolve outstanding issues dealing with the mechanism of MATE-mediated OC transport: (Aim 1) develop predictive models of ligand interaction with hMATE1; (Aim 2) establish the kinetic mechanism(s) of ligand interaction with MATE transporters and the extent to which inhibitory ligands serve as transported substrates of MATE transporters. Transport was measured using human MATE1 and MATE2-K stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. Both MATEs had similar affinities for the prototypic OC substrate, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP), and had overlapping selectivity for most of the test inhibitors. The IC50 values for 59 structurally diverse inhibitory ligands were used to generate a common features (HIPHOP) pharmacophore and three quantitative pharmacophores for hMATE1 (each displaying a significant correlation between predicted and measured IC50 values). The models identified (i) structural features that influence ligand interaction with hMATE1, including hydrophobic regions, H-bond donor and acceptor sites and an ionizable feature; and (ii) novel high affinity inhibitors of MATE-mediated transport from 13 new drug classes. Whereas metformin and creatinine were shown to be competitive inhibitors of MPP, the inhibition of MATE1-mediated MPP transport produced by pyrimethamine (PYR) and related analogs was not competitive but, instead, had a "linear, mixed-type" inhibitory profile suggestive of a MATE binding surface rather than a singular binding site. "Competitive exchange diffusion" showed that selected inhibitory ligands (including quinidine, caffeine, and the organic anion, PAH) also serve as transported substrates for MATE1. In conclusion, these data are consistent with the presence of a MATE binding surface with multiple, non-overlapping binding sites that can display different kinetic interactions with structurally distinct substrates. The creation of hMATE1 pharmacophores offers insight into development and interpretation of predictive models of drug-drug interaction in the kidney.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectPharmacophoreen_US
dc.subjectRenal Organic Cation Secretionen_US
dc.subjectPhysiological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectCellular Membrane Transporten_US
dc.subjectOrganic Cationen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysiological Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWright, Stephen H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCherrington, Nathan J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDantzler, William H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDelamere, Nicholas A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSimon, Alexen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWright, Stephen H.en_US
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