DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF MANAGEMENT FOR FOUR SHRIMP DISEASES (TSV, YHV, WSSV AND NHP) IN THE WHITE SHRIMP Penaeus vannamei THROUGH DIFFERENT STRATEGIES

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/205231
Title:
DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF MANAGEMENT FOR FOUR SHRIMP DISEASES (TSV, YHV, WSSV AND NHP) IN THE WHITE SHRIMP Penaeus vannamei THROUGH DIFFERENT STRATEGIES
Author:
Aranguren, Luis Fernando
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Embargo: Release after 11/14/2012
Abstract:
A series of studies were conducted as part of my dissertation research on certain diseases of farmed penaeid shrimp and on strategies that might be applied to manage these diseases. These studies focused on the development and application of management for four shrimp diseases (TSV, YHV, WSSV and NHP) in the white shrimp Penaeus vannamei through different strategies. The studies focused on efforts to identify a new strain of Taura syndrome virus (TSV), and the prevention or mitigation of infection by Yellow Head Disease (YHD), White Spot Disease (WSD), and Necrotizing Hepatopancreatitis (NHP). The new strain of TSV reported in this study is among the most pathogenic strains discovered to date. Disease management strategies investigated include the prevention of YHD in the Americas by pre-exposing Specific-Pathogen-Free (SPF) Penaeus vannamei to TSV. The other strategy investigated involved the use of a prototype "vaccine" that binds to the specific shrimp cell receptors and thus, prevents WSSV from establishing an infection. The last strategy attempted to elucidate the reasons for the very low prevalence of NHP in commercial shrimp ponds in Colombia. It was found that through establishment of a breeding program in which shrimp were selected for resistance to TSV infection, Colombian shrimp farmers also, but indirectly, selected for resistance to NHP.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
PCR; Shrimp; TSV; YHV; Microbiology; diseases; Histology
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Microbiology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Lightner, Donald V.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF MANAGEMENT FOR FOUR SHRIMP DISEASES (TSV, YHV, WSSV AND NHP) IN THE WHITE SHRIMP Penaeus vannamei THROUGH DIFFERENT STRATEGIESen_US
dc.creatorAranguren, Luis Fernandoen_US
dc.contributor.authorAranguren, Luis Fernandoen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseEmbargo: Release after 11/14/2012en_US
dc.description.abstractA series of studies were conducted as part of my dissertation research on certain diseases of farmed penaeid shrimp and on strategies that might be applied to manage these diseases. These studies focused on the development and application of management for four shrimp diseases (TSV, YHV, WSSV and NHP) in the white shrimp Penaeus vannamei through different strategies. The studies focused on efforts to identify a new strain of Taura syndrome virus (TSV), and the prevention or mitigation of infection by Yellow Head Disease (YHD), White Spot Disease (WSD), and Necrotizing Hepatopancreatitis (NHP). The new strain of TSV reported in this study is among the most pathogenic strains discovered to date. Disease management strategies investigated include the prevention of YHD in the Americas by pre-exposing Specific-Pathogen-Free (SPF) Penaeus vannamei to TSV. The other strategy investigated involved the use of a prototype "vaccine" that binds to the specific shrimp cell receptors and thus, prevents WSSV from establishing an infection. The last strategy attempted to elucidate the reasons for the very low prevalence of NHP in commercial shrimp ponds in Colombia. It was found that through establishment of a breeding program in which shrimp were selected for resistance to TSV infection, Colombian shrimp farmers also, but indirectly, selected for resistance to NHP.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectPCRen_US
dc.subjectShrimpen_US
dc.subjectTSVen_US
dc.subjectYHVen_US
dc.subjectMicrobiologyen_US
dc.subjectdiseasesen_US
dc.subjectHistologyen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMicrobiologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLightner, Donald V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJacobs, Bethen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTang-Nelson, Kathy F. J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBesselsen, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReggiardo, Carlosen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLightner, Donald V.en_US
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