ModPET: Novel Applications of Scintillation Cameras to Preclinical PET

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/205179
Title:
ModPET: Novel Applications of Scintillation Cameras to Preclinical PET
Author:
Moore, Stephen K.
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Embargo: Release after 05/09/2012
Abstract:
We have designed, developed, and assessed a novel preclinical positron emission tomography (PET) imaging system named ModPET. The system was developed using modular gamma cameras, originally developed for SPECT applications at the Center for Gamma Ray Imaging (CGRI), but configured for PET imaging by enabling coincidence timing. A pair of cameras are mounted on a exible system gantry that also allows for acquisition of optical images such that PET images can be registered to an anatomical reference. Data is acquired in a super list-mode form where raw PMT signals and event times are accumulated in events lists for each camera. Event parameter estimation of position and energy is carried out with maximum likelihood methods using careful camera calibrations accomplished with collimated beams of 511-keV photons and a new iterative mean-detector-response-function processing routine. Intrinsic lateral spatial resolution for 511-keV photons was found to be approximately 1.6 mm in each direction. Lists of coincidence pairs are found by comparing event times in the two independent camera lists. A timing window of 30 nanoseconds is used. By bringing the 4.5 inch square cameras in close proximity, with a 32-mm separation for mouse imaging, a solid angle coverage of ∼75% partially compensates for the relatively low stopping power in the 5-mm-thick NaI crystals to give a mea- sured sensitivity of up to 0.7%. An NECR analysis yields 11,000 pairs per second with 84 μCi of activity. A list-mode MLEM reconstruction algorithm was developed to reconstruct objects in a 88 x 88 x 30 mm field of view. Tomographic resolution tests with a phantom suggest a lateral resolution of 1.5 mm and a slightly degraded resolution of 2.5 mm in the direction normal to the camera faces. The system can also be configured to provide (99m)Tc planar scintigraphy images. Selected biological studies of inammation, apoptosis, tumor metabolism, and bone osteogenic activity are presented.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
list-mode likelihood reconstruction; maximum-likelihood; PET; predclinical; Biomedical Engineering; energy estimation; GPGPU
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Biomedical Engineering
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Furenlid, Lars R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleModPET: Novel Applications of Scintillation Cameras to Preclinical PETen_US
dc.creatorMoore, Stephen K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Stephen K.en_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseEmbargo: Release after 05/09/2012en_US
dc.description.abstractWe have designed, developed, and assessed a novel preclinical positron emission tomography (PET) imaging system named ModPET. The system was developed using modular gamma cameras, originally developed for SPECT applications at the Center for Gamma Ray Imaging (CGRI), but configured for PET imaging by enabling coincidence timing. A pair of cameras are mounted on a exible system gantry that also allows for acquisition of optical images such that PET images can be registered to an anatomical reference. Data is acquired in a super list-mode form where raw PMT signals and event times are accumulated in events lists for each camera. Event parameter estimation of position and energy is carried out with maximum likelihood methods using careful camera calibrations accomplished with collimated beams of 511-keV photons and a new iterative mean-detector-response-function processing routine. Intrinsic lateral spatial resolution for 511-keV photons was found to be approximately 1.6 mm in each direction. Lists of coincidence pairs are found by comparing event times in the two independent camera lists. A timing window of 30 nanoseconds is used. By bringing the 4.5 inch square cameras in close proximity, with a 32-mm separation for mouse imaging, a solid angle coverage of ∼75% partially compensates for the relatively low stopping power in the 5-mm-thick NaI crystals to give a mea- sured sensitivity of up to 0.7%. An NECR analysis yields 11,000 pairs per second with 84 μCi of activity. A list-mode MLEM reconstruction algorithm was developed to reconstruct objects in a 88 x 88 x 30 mm field of view. Tomographic resolution tests with a phantom suggest a lateral resolution of 1.5 mm and a slightly degraded resolution of 2.5 mm in the direction normal to the camera faces. The system can also be configured to provide (99m)Tc planar scintigraphy images. Selected biological studies of inammation, apoptosis, tumor metabolism, and bone osteogenic activity are presented.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectlist-mode likelihood reconstructionen_US
dc.subjectmaximum-likelihooden_US
dc.subjectPETen_US
dc.subjectpredclinicalen_US
dc.subjectBiomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectenergy estimationen_US
dc.subjectGPGPUen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiomedical Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorFurenlid, Lars R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarrett, Harrison H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGmitro, Arthuren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTrouard, Theodoreen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWoolfdenden, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFurenlid, Lars R.en_US
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