Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/204334
Title:
Elucidation of the Biosynthetic Pathway for 7-Deazapurines
Author:
McCarty, Reid Michael
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Embargo:
Embargo: Release after 6/21/2013
Abstract:
Small molecules containing a 7-deazapurine moiety are ubiquitous in nature. They comprise a broad range of structurally diverse antibiotics produced by terrestrial and marine microorganisms that possess demonstrated antibiotic and antineoplastic activity. In addition, queuosine, a hypermodified nucleoside located in the wobble position of select tRNAs that is almost universally conserved throughout biology, contains a 7-deazapurine functional group. The since their initial identification over 50 years ago, the chemical transformations underlying the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines have remained elusive. This work describes the identification of a cluster of co-localized genes in the Streptomyces rimosus chromosome that are responsible for the biosynthesis of the 7-deazapurine containing antibiotics toyocamycin and sangivamycin. Further, the in vitro conversion of GTP to the previously identified queuosine biosynthetic intermediate 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine (preQ₀) is demonstrated using purified, recombinant enzymes. Also included herein is a kinetic, spectroscopic, and mechanistic characterization of QueE, an enzyme that catalyzes the third step in the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines using a radical-mediated rearrangement. A possible mechanism for the reaction catalyzed by QueD, the second step in the deazapurine biosynthetic pathway, is explored based on X-ray crystallographic data of site directed QueD mutants containing bound substrate. Finally, hitherto unrecognized gene clusters that are likely devoted to the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines other than queuosine are described.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
antibiotics; enzymology; natural products; tRNA
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Biochemistry
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Bandarian, Vahe

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleElucidation of the Biosynthetic Pathway for 7-Deazapurinesen_US
dc.creatorMcCarty, Reid Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCarty, Reid Michaelen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.releaseEmbargo: Release after 6/21/2013en_US
dc.description.abstractSmall molecules containing a 7-deazapurine moiety are ubiquitous in nature. They comprise a broad range of structurally diverse antibiotics produced by terrestrial and marine microorganisms that possess demonstrated antibiotic and antineoplastic activity. In addition, queuosine, a hypermodified nucleoside located in the wobble position of select tRNAs that is almost universally conserved throughout biology, contains a 7-deazapurine functional group. The since their initial identification over 50 years ago, the chemical transformations underlying the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines have remained elusive. This work describes the identification of a cluster of co-localized genes in the Streptomyces rimosus chromosome that are responsible for the biosynthesis of the 7-deazapurine containing antibiotics toyocamycin and sangivamycin. Further, the in vitro conversion of GTP to the previously identified queuosine biosynthetic intermediate 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine (preQ₀) is demonstrated using purified, recombinant enzymes. Also included herein is a kinetic, spectroscopic, and mechanistic characterization of QueE, an enzyme that catalyzes the third step in the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines using a radical-mediated rearrangement. A possible mechanism for the reaction catalyzed by QueD, the second step in the deazapurine biosynthetic pathway, is explored based on X-ray crystallographic data of site directed QueD mutants containing bound substrate. Finally, hitherto unrecognized gene clusters that are likely devoted to the biosynthesis of 7-deazapurines other than queuosine are described.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectantibioticsen_US
dc.subjectenzymologyen_US
dc.subjectnatural productsen_US
dc.subjecttRNAen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiochemistryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBandarian, Vaheen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCordes, Matthew H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMolnar, Istvanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcEvoy, Megan M.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest11649-
dc.identifier.oclc752261495-
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