Role of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Chemotherapy-induced Oxidative Stress

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/203510
Title:
Role of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Chemotherapy-induced Oxidative Stress
Author:
Gustafson, Heather Lynn
Issue Date:
2011
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Existing treatments for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are non-curative, demonstrating a need for a refined treatment approach. Recent clinical trials have shown promising results with the use of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. I hypothesize that the anti-tumor effect of mTOR inhibitors in mantle cell lymphoma is mediated by an increase in manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) protein expression and accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). Findings indicate that the rapamycin-induced cytostatic effect is characterized by increased levels of MnSOD and H₂O₂, and is necessary for the full growth inhibitory effect of rapamycin. Furthermore, over-expression of MnSOD elevated the level of H₂O₂ and increased sensitivity to MnSOD. Treatment with rapamycin resulted in a loss of serine 473 phosphorylation of AKT and increased levels of MnSOD were found to be due to inhibition of the mTORC2 complex. These results are the first to suggest that long term treatment of MCL cells with rapamycin inhibits the mTORC2 complex. By understanding the key signaling molecules and affected pathways in the anti-tumor effects of mTOR inhibitors, we may be able to identify additional predictive markers to improve the therapeutic value, or study drug combinations that will enhance the effect of ROSinduced cytotoxicity. A retrospective study utilizing samples from lymphoma patients receiving standard anthracycline-based therapies, identified single nucleotide polymorphisms in oxidative stressrelated genes associated with survival. Individuals carrying minor allele SNPs in myeloperoxidase (MPO) and an aldo-keto reductase (AKR1C3) were found to be associated with shorter time to disease progression and death. This data suggest that some patients may benefit from a different therapy than the current standard of care and that regulation of the redox environment plays a role in aggressive lymphoma treatment response.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Oxidative Stress; Cancer Biology; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; mTOR inhibitors
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Graduate College; Cancer Biology
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Briehl, Margaret M.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleRole of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Chemotherapy-induced Oxidative Stressen_US
dc.creatorGustafson, Heather Lynnen_US
dc.contributor.authorGustafson, Heather Lynnen_US
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractExisting treatments for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are non-curative, demonstrating a need for a refined treatment approach. Recent clinical trials have shown promising results with the use of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. I hypothesize that the anti-tumor effect of mTOR inhibitors in mantle cell lymphoma is mediated by an increase in manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) protein expression and accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). Findings indicate that the rapamycin-induced cytostatic effect is characterized by increased levels of MnSOD and H₂O₂, and is necessary for the full growth inhibitory effect of rapamycin. Furthermore, over-expression of MnSOD elevated the level of H₂O₂ and increased sensitivity to MnSOD. Treatment with rapamycin resulted in a loss of serine 473 phosphorylation of AKT and increased levels of MnSOD were found to be due to inhibition of the mTORC2 complex. These results are the first to suggest that long term treatment of MCL cells with rapamycin inhibits the mTORC2 complex. By understanding the key signaling molecules and affected pathways in the anti-tumor effects of mTOR inhibitors, we may be able to identify additional predictive markers to improve the therapeutic value, or study drug combinations that will enhance the effect of ROSinduced cytotoxicity. A retrospective study utilizing samples from lymphoma patients receiving standard anthracycline-based therapies, identified single nucleotide polymorphisms in oxidative stressrelated genes associated with survival. Individuals carrying minor allele SNPs in myeloperoxidase (MPO) and an aldo-keto reductase (AKR1C3) were found to be associated with shorter time to disease progression and death. This data suggest that some patients may benefit from a different therapy than the current standard of care and that regulation of the redox environment plays a role in aggressive lymphoma treatment response.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectOxidative Stressen_US
dc.subjectCancer Biologyen_US
dc.subjectMantle Cell Lymphomaen_US
dc.subjectmTOR inhibitorsen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCancer Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBriehl, Margaret M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRimsza, Lisaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFutscher, Bernarden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDoetschman, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLau, Serrineen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBriehl, Margaret M.en_US
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