The Interaction of Smoking and Stress on Cardiovascular Reactivity as Influenced by Hostility, Anger, and Anxiety

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/196037
Title:
The Interaction of Smoking and Stress on Cardiovascular Reactivity as Influenced by Hostility, Anger, and Anxiety
Author:
Herberman, Erinn Jessica
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This study examined how smoking and stress interact to affect the reactivity of the cardiovascular system. Findings revealed that subjects who smoked first and who were then exposed to stress showed less cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress compared to non-smoking subjects exposed only to stress. However, the combination of smoking and stress led to higher absolute levels and greater reactivity for all cardiovascular measures compared to stress alone. The ability for trait hostility, state angry affect and state anxious-affect to predict CVR to smoking and stress was also examined. State anxious-affect was the only affect-related variable that predicted CVR across experimental phases for both smokers and non-smokers. None of the affect-related variables were able to predict CVR during smoking. Trait hostility and state anxious-affect predicted CVR to stress for smokers and non-smokers. Trait hostility was negatively associated with CVR to stress, while state anxious-affect was positively associated with CVR to stress. State angry affect did not predict CVR to stress after accounting for the effects due to trait hostility.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
cardiovascular reactivity; smoking; stress; hostility; anxiety
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Psychology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Sechrest, Lee

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleThe Interaction of Smoking and Stress on Cardiovascular Reactivity as Influenced by Hostility, Anger, and Anxietyen_US
dc.creatorHerberman, Erinn Jessicaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHerberman, Erinn Jessicaen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study examined how smoking and stress interact to affect the reactivity of the cardiovascular system. Findings revealed that subjects who smoked first and who were then exposed to stress showed less cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress compared to non-smoking subjects exposed only to stress. However, the combination of smoking and stress led to higher absolute levels and greater reactivity for all cardiovascular measures compared to stress alone. The ability for trait hostility, state angry affect and state anxious-affect to predict CVR to smoking and stress was also examined. State anxious-affect was the only affect-related variable that predicted CVR across experimental phases for both smokers and non-smokers. None of the affect-related variables were able to predict CVR during smoking. Trait hostility and state anxious-affect predicted CVR to stress for smokers and non-smokers. Trait hostility was negatively associated with CVR to stress, while state anxious-affect was positively associated with CVR to stress. State angry affect did not predict CVR to stress after accounting for the effects due to trait hostility.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectcardiovascular reactivityen_US
dc.subjectsmokingen_US
dc.subjectstressen_US
dc.subjecthostilityen_US
dc.subjectanxietyen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSechrest, Leeen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberShoham, Vardaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcKnight, Patricken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRohrbaugh, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJacobs, Williamen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1328en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137355049en_US
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