Adaptive Techniques and Optimizations for Media Streaming over Wireless Channels

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/196000
Title:
Adaptive Techniques and Optimizations for Media Streaming over Wireless Channels
Author:
Hassan, Mohamed Said Abdou Ibrahim
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Enabling efficient media streaming over wireless channels requires efficient utilization of the limited wireless spectrum while satisfying multimedia applications' quality of service (QoS) requirements. In this dissertation, we provide insights into network and application-centric approaches for media streaming over wireless channels. In network-centric approaches, the fundamental problem is how to model network variations at the different layers and optimize the total quality across these layers. We use Finite-state Markov chain (FSMC) models to investigate the packet loss and delay performance over a wireless link. We propose a new method for partitioning the received SNR space that results in a FSMC model with tractable queueing performance. We then use this model to derive closed-form expressions for the {\em Effective Bandwidth\/} subject to either packet loss or packet delay constraints. In application-centric approaches, we take into account the VBR nature of video frames and channel dynamics and integrate in the analysis the dynamics of the playback buffer occupancy. We introduce a mixture of sourec/channel rate adaptation schemes that target efficient utilization of the wireless spectrum and safeguard the continuity of media streaming over wireless channels. First, we propose two source-rate control schemes for streaming video over wireless channels that provide gracefully degraded quality and soft guarantees on frame delay. The schemes are designed to maximize the source bit rate at the encoder while preventing/reducing events of starvation at the decoder. Second, we present a novel cycle-based rate adaptation scheme. The scheme is designed to maximize the source bit rate at the encoder while guaranteeing an upper bound on the probability of starvation at the playback buffer. This approach can be applied to both {\em one-way} and {\em interactive} video. Finally, we propose a playback-adaptive source/channel rate control (SCRC) for video streaming over wireless channels. We exploit the so-called playback adaptation margin and the playback buffer occupancy to control the source and channel rates. The SCRC scheme is designed to limit potential playback discontinuities that may occur due to variations in the wireless link.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Multimedia; wireless networks; wireless cmmunications; video streaming
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Electrical & Computer Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Krunz, Marwan
Committee Chair:
Krunz, Marwan

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleAdaptive Techniques and Optimizations for Media Streaming over Wireless Channelsen_US
dc.creatorHassan, Mohamed Said Abdou Ibrahimen_US
dc.contributor.authorHassan, Mohamed Said Abdou Ibrahimen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractEnabling efficient media streaming over wireless channels requires efficient utilization of the limited wireless spectrum while satisfying multimedia applications' quality of service (QoS) requirements. In this dissertation, we provide insights into network and application-centric approaches for media streaming over wireless channels. In network-centric approaches, the fundamental problem is how to model network variations at the different layers and optimize the total quality across these layers. We use Finite-state Markov chain (FSMC) models to investigate the packet loss and delay performance over a wireless link. We propose a new method for partitioning the received SNR space that results in a FSMC model with tractable queueing performance. We then use this model to derive closed-form expressions for the {\em Effective Bandwidth\/} subject to either packet loss or packet delay constraints. In application-centric approaches, we take into account the VBR nature of video frames and channel dynamics and integrate in the analysis the dynamics of the playback buffer occupancy. We introduce a mixture of sourec/channel rate adaptation schemes that target efficient utilization of the wireless spectrum and safeguard the continuity of media streaming over wireless channels. First, we propose two source-rate control schemes for streaming video over wireless channels that provide gracefully degraded quality and soft guarantees on frame delay. The schemes are designed to maximize the source bit rate at the encoder while preventing/reducing events of starvation at the decoder. Second, we present a novel cycle-based rate adaptation scheme. The scheme is designed to maximize the source bit rate at the encoder while guaranteeing an upper bound on the probability of starvation at the playback buffer. This approach can be applied to both {\em one-way} and {\em interactive} video. Finally, we propose a playback-adaptive source/channel rate control (SCRC) for video streaming over wireless channels. We exploit the so-called playback adaptation margin and the playback buffer occupancy to control the source and channel rates. The SCRC scheme is designed to limit potential playback discontinuities that may occur due to variations in the wireless link.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectMultimediaen_US
dc.subjectwireless networksen_US
dc.subjectwireless cmmunicationsen_US
dc.subjectvideo streamingen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical & Computer Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorKrunz, Marwanen_US
dc.contributor.chairKrunz, Marwanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVasic, Baneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRamasubramanian, Srinivasanen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1337en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137355099en_US
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