American Indian Youth Involvement in Urban Street Gangs: Invisible No More?

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195960
Title:
American Indian Youth Involvement in Urban Street Gangs: Invisible No More?
Author:
Hailer, Julie Ann
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Urban street gang characteristics and crimes are present on American Indian reservations. The research on American Indian gangs has focused on the reservations with minimal attention paid to their interaction with American Indian gang members in the urban setting. Examining this interaction is of particular importance since Census 2000 figures indicate that 64 percent of American Indian/Alaskan Natives reside in the urban areas. If we are to continue building the knowledge base about American Indian gangs, then any exploration of Native gangs must include American Indians in the urban setting. This is the first study to focus on urban Indian gangs.The purpose of this study was to explore the extent and nature of American Indian involvement in contemporary street gangs with a secondary goal of assessing the influence of a gang impacted metropolitan area on Native gangs on the reservations. For this study, forty-two metropolitan areas in the U.S. were chosen as well as reservations with a tribal police department and sheriff's departments whose jurisdiction was inclusive of, or adjacent to, the metropolitan and/or tribal areas. A survey instrument methodology was employed.The literature on American Indian gang members alleged that urban Indian gang members only joined other established ethnic gangs. This study found that urban Indian youth have formed their own gangs with criminal participation running the gamut as other gangs. However, the levels of participation and severity are lower than other street gangs. Results also found no correlation between distance or exposure to an urban center and the presence of gangs on the reservations. It appears that it is an adoption of a 'gang mentality' that is occurring as opposed to a physical exposure to other gang members.Fortunately, the levels of American Indian gang involvement are still lower than established street gangs, particularly in the area of gang violence. This fact makes this a timely opportunity for strengthening prevention and intervention efforts towards lessening the lure of the 'gang life' for American Indian youth, both in the urban and reservation settings, before they too become entrenched in the destructive gang lifestyle.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
American Indian Studies; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Parezo, Nancy
Committee Chair:
Parezo, Nancy

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleAmerican Indian Youth Involvement in Urban Street Gangs: Invisible No More?en_US
dc.creatorHailer, Julie Annen_US
dc.contributor.authorHailer, Julie Annen_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractUrban street gang characteristics and crimes are present on American Indian reservations. The research on American Indian gangs has focused on the reservations with minimal attention paid to their interaction with American Indian gang members in the urban setting. Examining this interaction is of particular importance since Census 2000 figures indicate that 64 percent of American Indian/Alaskan Natives reside in the urban areas. If we are to continue building the knowledge base about American Indian gangs, then any exploration of Native gangs must include American Indians in the urban setting. This is the first study to focus on urban Indian gangs.The purpose of this study was to explore the extent and nature of American Indian involvement in contemporary street gangs with a secondary goal of assessing the influence of a gang impacted metropolitan area on Native gangs on the reservations. For this study, forty-two metropolitan areas in the U.S. were chosen as well as reservations with a tribal police department and sheriff's departments whose jurisdiction was inclusive of, or adjacent to, the metropolitan and/or tribal areas. A survey instrument methodology was employed.The literature on American Indian gang members alleged that urban Indian gang members only joined other established ethnic gangs. This study found that urban Indian youth have formed their own gangs with criminal participation running the gamut as other gangs. However, the levels of participation and severity are lower than other street gangs. Results also found no correlation between distance or exposure to an urban center and the presence of gangs on the reservations. It appears that it is an adoption of a 'gang mentality' that is occurring as opposed to a physical exposure to other gang members.Fortunately, the levels of American Indian gang involvement are still lower than established street gangs, particularly in the area of gang violence. This fact makes this a timely opportunity for strengthening prevention and intervention efforts towards lessening the lure of the 'gang life' for American Indian youth, both in the urban and reservation settings, before they too become entrenched in the destructive gang lifestyle.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAmerican Indian Studiesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorParezo, Nancyen_US
dc.contributor.chairParezo, Nancyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStauss, Jayen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLuna, Eileenen_US
dc.identifier.proquest2730en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659749748en_US
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