Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195768
Title:
Nutrients and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women
Author:
Farrell, Vanessa
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation’s three studies investigated the short and long-term relationships of bone-related nutrient intakes with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. This dissertation compared the equivalency of dietary intakes assessed by eight days of diet records (DR) and the Arizona Food Frequency Questionnaire (AFFQ) at one year. It also determined the association of one year (DR) and the average of four-year (AFFQ) dietary intakes with cross-sectional BMD. The dietary intake associations with BMD were further investigated by hormone therapy (HT). Participant’s BMD was measured at the lumbar spine (L2-L4), femur trochanter, femur neck, Ward's triangle and total body using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Separate multiple linear regression analysis (p≤0.05), controlled for various covariates, were used to examine the associations between dietary intakes and regional and total body BMD. In study number one (n=266), significant correlations (r=0.30-0.70, p≤0.05) between dietary assessment methods were found with all dietary intake variables. Iron, magnesium, zinc, dietary calcium, phosphorous, potassium, total calcium, and fiber intakes were positively associated with BMD at three or more of the same bone sites regardless of the dietary assessment method at one year. In study number two (n=266), femur trochanter, lumbar spine, and total body BMD had mostly significant inverse associations with dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake at one year. In the HT group (n=136), inverse associations with dietary PUFA intake were seen in the spine and total body BMD. In study number three (n=130), average dietary intake of selected bone-related nutrients, were significantly inversely associated with lumbar spine BMD and total body BMD at year four. In the HT group (n=92), inverse associations with dietary PUFA intake were seen in the spine and total body BMD. The DR and AFFQ are acceptable dietary tools used to determine the associations of particular nutrients and BMD sites in healthy postmenopausal women at one year. At one and four year, dietary PUFA intakes had mostly inverse associations with lumbar spine and total body BMD. When categorized by HT use the associations remained significant only in the HT groups, suggesting that HT may influence dietary intake associations with BMD.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Bone mineral density; Diet; Nutritional Assessment; Osteoporosis; Postmenopausal; Women
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Nutritional Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Houtkooper, Linda

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleNutrients and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Womenen_US
dc.creatorFarrell, Vanessaen_US
dc.contributor.authorFarrell, Vanessaen_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation’s three studies investigated the short and long-term relationships of bone-related nutrient intakes with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. This dissertation compared the equivalency of dietary intakes assessed by eight days of diet records (DR) and the Arizona Food Frequency Questionnaire (AFFQ) at one year. It also determined the association of one year (DR) and the average of four-year (AFFQ) dietary intakes with cross-sectional BMD. The dietary intake associations with BMD were further investigated by hormone therapy (HT). Participant’s BMD was measured at the lumbar spine (L2-L4), femur trochanter, femur neck, Ward's triangle and total body using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Separate multiple linear regression analysis (p≤0.05), controlled for various covariates, were used to examine the associations between dietary intakes and regional and total body BMD. In study number one (n=266), significant correlations (r=0.30-0.70, p≤0.05) between dietary assessment methods were found with all dietary intake variables. Iron, magnesium, zinc, dietary calcium, phosphorous, potassium, total calcium, and fiber intakes were positively associated with BMD at three or more of the same bone sites regardless of the dietary assessment method at one year. In study number two (n=266), femur trochanter, lumbar spine, and total body BMD had mostly significant inverse associations with dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake at one year. In the HT group (n=136), inverse associations with dietary PUFA intake were seen in the spine and total body BMD. In study number three (n=130), average dietary intake of selected bone-related nutrients, were significantly inversely associated with lumbar spine BMD and total body BMD at year four. In the HT group (n=92), inverse associations with dietary PUFA intake were seen in the spine and total body BMD. The DR and AFFQ are acceptable dietary tools used to determine the associations of particular nutrients and BMD sites in healthy postmenopausal women at one year. At one and four year, dietary PUFA intakes had mostly inverse associations with lumbar spine and total body BMD. When categorized by HT use the associations remained significant only in the HT groups, suggesting that HT may influence dietary intake associations with BMD.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectBone mineral densityen_US
dc.subjectDieten_US
dc.subjectNutritional Assessmenten_US
dc.subjectOsteoporosisen_US
dc.subjectPostmenopausalen_US
dc.subjectWomenen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNutritional Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairHoutkooper, Lindaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGoing, Scott B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberThomson, Cyndien_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHarris, Margareten_US
dc.identifier.proquest10146en_US
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