Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Heat Transfer due to Rectangular Impinging Jets

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195669
Title:
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Heat Transfer due to Rectangular Impinging Jets
Author:
Dogruoz, Mehmet Baris
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Due to their efficient heat and mass transfer potential, impinging jets have received attention in various applications. Heat transfer and flow characteristics of rectangular turbulent impinging jets issued from a 24:1 aspect ratio and 24:1 contraction ratio nozzle were investigated experimentally and numerically. In the heat transfer measurements; a thin stainless-steel foil was utilized to obtain iso-flux boundary conditions on the impingement surface. The target plate was free to translate in the lateral direction and the heat transfer distributions were determined at 0 ≤ x/W ≤ 20 with the micro-thermocouples placed underneath the foil. The measurements were conducted for Re(j) = 8900 − 48600 at nozzle-to-target spacing of 0.5 ≤ H/W ≤ 12.0. Both semi and fully confined jets were investigated. Heat transfer coefficients at Re(j) = 28100, 36800, 45600 and H/W = 4.0 were determined by using adiabatic-wall temperatures and the distributions were compared with those of the wall shear stress. Off-center peaks were observed at high Re(j) and low H/W. Since the wall distributions are susceptible to nozzle-exit conditions, velocity and turbulence profiles at the nozzle-exit were measured for the velocity range of interest. Additionally, near-wall mean velocity and turbulence profiles were determined at Re(j) = 21500 and 36800 at H/W = 4.0 to have a better understanding of the secondary peaks in the wall distributions. Numerical computations were performed by using several different turbulence models (k − ω, k − ε, V 2F and Reynolds stress models). In wall-bounded turbulent flows, near-wall modeling is crucial. Therefore, the turbulence models eliminating wall functions such as the k − ω and V 2F models may be superior for modeling impingement flows. The numerical results showed reasonable agreement with the experimental data for local heat transfer and skin friction coefficient distributions. The occurrence of the secondary peaks was predicted by the k − ω and V 2F models, and for a few cases with the low-Re-k − ε models. Near-wall measurements along with the computed profiles were used to describe the “secondary peak” phenomena. It was shown that the increase in turbulence production in the wall-streamwise direction enhances turbulent momentum and heat transport in the wall-normal direction which lead to secondary peaks in the wall distributions. The possibility of improving surface heat transfer with fully-developed jets was also explored numerically as a case study.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
impinging jets; wall jets; heat transfer; turbulent flow; CFD; experiments
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Mechanical Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Ortega, Alfonso
Committee Chair:
Ortega, Alfonso

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleExperimental and Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Heat Transfer due to Rectangular Impinging Jetsen_US
dc.creatorDogruoz, Mehmet Barisen_US
dc.contributor.authorDogruoz, Mehmet Barisen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractDue to their efficient heat and mass transfer potential, impinging jets have received attention in various applications. Heat transfer and flow characteristics of rectangular turbulent impinging jets issued from a 24:1 aspect ratio and 24:1 contraction ratio nozzle were investigated experimentally and numerically. In the heat transfer measurements; a thin stainless-steel foil was utilized to obtain iso-flux boundary conditions on the impingement surface. The target plate was free to translate in the lateral direction and the heat transfer distributions were determined at 0 ≤ x/W ≤ 20 with the micro-thermocouples placed underneath the foil. The measurements were conducted for Re(j) = 8900 − 48600 at nozzle-to-target spacing of 0.5 ≤ H/W ≤ 12.0. Both semi and fully confined jets were investigated. Heat transfer coefficients at Re(j) = 28100, 36800, 45600 and H/W = 4.0 were determined by using adiabatic-wall temperatures and the distributions were compared with those of the wall shear stress. Off-center peaks were observed at high Re(j) and low H/W. Since the wall distributions are susceptible to nozzle-exit conditions, velocity and turbulence profiles at the nozzle-exit were measured for the velocity range of interest. Additionally, near-wall mean velocity and turbulence profiles were determined at Re(j) = 21500 and 36800 at H/W = 4.0 to have a better understanding of the secondary peaks in the wall distributions. Numerical computations were performed by using several different turbulence models (k − ω, k − ε, V 2F and Reynolds stress models). In wall-bounded turbulent flows, near-wall modeling is crucial. Therefore, the turbulence models eliminating wall functions such as the k − ω and V 2F models may be superior for modeling impingement flows. The numerical results showed reasonable agreement with the experimental data for local heat transfer and skin friction coefficient distributions. The occurrence of the secondary peaks was predicted by the k − ω and V 2F models, and for a few cases with the low-Re-k − ε models. Near-wall measurements along with the computed profiles were used to describe the “secondary peak” phenomena. It was shown that the increase in turbulence production in the wall-streamwise direction enhances turbulent momentum and heat transport in the wall-normal direction which lead to secondary peaks in the wall distributions. The possibility of improving surface heat transfer with fully-developed jets was also explored numerically as a case study.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectimpinging jetsen_US
dc.subjectwall jetsen_US
dc.subjectheat transferen_US
dc.subjectturbulent flowen_US
dc.subjectCFDen_US
dc.subjectexperimentsen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMechanical Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorOrtega, Alfonsoen_US
dc.contributor.chairOrtega, Alfonsoen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTumin, Anatolien_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJacobs, Jeffreyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTabor, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGlasner, Karlen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1370en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137355305en_US
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