Globalization at the Ends of the Earth: Rural Livelihoods, Wage Labor, and the Struggle over Identity on the Archipelago of Chiloe

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195606
Title:
Globalization at the Ends of the Earth: Rural Livelihoods, Wage Labor, and the Struggle over Identity on the Archipelago of Chiloe
Author:
Daughters, Anton Tibor
Issue Date:
2010
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
For the past three decades, policy-makers in Santiago, Chile, have pushed laissez-faire free-market reforms on most sectors of the Chilean economy. On the Archipelago of Chiloe in southern Chile, these reforms have had the effect of introducing wage labor, on a massive scale, to communities that once relied primarily on collective practices of unpaid, reciprocal labor (mingas). My research examines the role of these changing labor practices and livelihoods in the shaping of local identities. I argue that while the Chilean government's neoliberal policies have brought increased commerce to Chiloe through the introduction of export-oriented fishing and aquaculture industries, the accompanying erosion of mingas and rural livelihoods has triggered a pronounced intergenerational shift in collective identity: whereas older islanders today bemoan the disappearance of an ethos of reciprocity, solidarity, and mutual assistance, younger islanders express an explicitly critical view of Chilote history while upholding select values of old.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Chile; collective identity; globalization; livelihoods; minga; reciprocity
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Anthropology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Alonso, Ana Maria
Committee Chair:
Alonso, Ana Maria

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleGlobalization at the Ends of the Earth: Rural Livelihoods, Wage Labor, and the Struggle over Identity on the Archipelago of Chiloeen_US
dc.creatorDaughters, Anton Tiboren_US
dc.contributor.authorDaughters, Anton Tiboren_US
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractFor the past three decades, policy-makers in Santiago, Chile, have pushed laissez-faire free-market reforms on most sectors of the Chilean economy. On the Archipelago of Chiloe in southern Chile, these reforms have had the effect of introducing wage labor, on a massive scale, to communities that once relied primarily on collective practices of unpaid, reciprocal labor (mingas). My research examines the role of these changing labor practices and livelihoods in the shaping of local identities. I argue that while the Chilean government's neoliberal policies have brought increased commerce to Chiloe through the introduction of export-oriented fishing and aquaculture industries, the accompanying erosion of mingas and rural livelihoods has triggered a pronounced intergenerational shift in collective identity: whereas older islanders today bemoan the disappearance of an ethos of reciprocity, solidarity, and mutual assistance, younger islanders express an explicitly critical view of Chilote history while upholding select values of old.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectChileen_US
dc.subjectcollective identityen_US
dc.subjectglobalizationen_US
dc.subjectlivelihoodsen_US
dc.subjectmingaen_US
dc.subjectreciprocityen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorAlonso, Ana Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.chairAlonso, Ana Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAlonso, Ana Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSheridan, Thomas E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGreenberg, James B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGosner, Kevin M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAlexander, William L.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest10853en_US
dc.identifier.oclc752260947en_US
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