Studies on Two Genomic Variants of Taura Syndrome Virus: Infection under Hyperthermic Conditions and Detection with a Novel Monoclonal Antibody

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195556
Title:
Studies on Two Genomic Variants of Taura Syndrome Virus: Infection under Hyperthermic Conditions and Detection with a Novel Monoclonal Antibody
Author:
Cote, Isabelle
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Taura syndrome (TS) is one of the most devastating diseases affecting the shrimp farming industry worldwide. The causative virus, Taura syndrome virus (TSV), has been identified. My work is centred on the development of monoclonal antibodies against TSV. I have also characterized a novel variant of the virus from Venezuela and evaluated the effect of hyperthermia on TSV infection. This work has resulted in 3 manuscripts, which constitute the core of this dissertation. The taxonomy throughout this dissertation is done according to Holthuis (1980).The first manuscript describes the production of a monoclonal antibody reacting with the Belize strain of TSV. The antibody, MAb 2C4, exhibits good sensitivity and specificity for TSV in immunohistochemistry (IHC) and dot blot immunoassay. MAb 2C4 reacted with the TSV-HI94, TSV-SI98 and TSV-BZ02 variants, but not with the TSV-VE05 and TSV-TH05 variants. This antibody adds and improves tools to those available for TSV diagnosis.Chapter three describes a relatively novel variant of TSV from Venezuela, which was characterized by our laboratory. By genetic sequencing, this new isolate exhibits a 94% similarity with TSV-HI94. IHC, dot blot immunoassay and bioassays were also performed. While processed samples reacted only weakly with the TSV monoclonal antibody MAb 1A1, the virus in its native state reacted strongly with the antibody. In bioassays, TSV-VE05 presented mortality comparable to TSV-HI94 in Penaeus vannamei. These data confirm the presence of TSV in Venezuela and that a new variant of the virus was responsible for the outbreak of TS.In chapter four, the behavior of TSV infection under hyperthermic conditions was examined. I compared the susceptibility of Kona stock P. vannamei to the infection by two variants of TSV under hyperthermic conditions (32oC). Shrimp, infected with TSV-HI94, were resistant to infection at high temperature. However, under the same hyperthermic conditions, the challenged shrimp were fully susceptible to the infection by TSV-BZ02. This susceptibility to TSV-BZ02 at higher temperatures was independent both of the route of infection and of the salinity of water. I conjecture that TSV-BZ02 might be a temperature permissible mutant of TSV.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Shrimp; Taura Syndrome Virus; Hyperthermia; Monoclonal Antibody
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Microbiology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Lightner, Donald V

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleStudies on Two Genomic Variants of Taura Syndrome Virus: Infection under Hyperthermic Conditions and Detection with a Novel Monoclonal Antibodyen_US
dc.creatorCote, Isabelleen_US
dc.contributor.authorCote, Isabelleen_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractTaura syndrome (TS) is one of the most devastating diseases affecting the shrimp farming industry worldwide. The causative virus, Taura syndrome virus (TSV), has been identified. My work is centred on the development of monoclonal antibodies against TSV. I have also characterized a novel variant of the virus from Venezuela and evaluated the effect of hyperthermia on TSV infection. This work has resulted in 3 manuscripts, which constitute the core of this dissertation. The taxonomy throughout this dissertation is done according to Holthuis (1980).The first manuscript describes the production of a monoclonal antibody reacting with the Belize strain of TSV. The antibody, MAb 2C4, exhibits good sensitivity and specificity for TSV in immunohistochemistry (IHC) and dot blot immunoassay. MAb 2C4 reacted with the TSV-HI94, TSV-SI98 and TSV-BZ02 variants, but not with the TSV-VE05 and TSV-TH05 variants. This antibody adds and improves tools to those available for TSV diagnosis.Chapter three describes a relatively novel variant of TSV from Venezuela, which was characterized by our laboratory. By genetic sequencing, this new isolate exhibits a 94% similarity with TSV-HI94. IHC, dot blot immunoassay and bioassays were also performed. While processed samples reacted only weakly with the TSV monoclonal antibody MAb 1A1, the virus in its native state reacted strongly with the antibody. In bioassays, TSV-VE05 presented mortality comparable to TSV-HI94 in Penaeus vannamei. These data confirm the presence of TSV in Venezuela and that a new variant of the virus was responsible for the outbreak of TS.In chapter four, the behavior of TSV infection under hyperthermic conditions was examined. I compared the susceptibility of Kona stock P. vannamei to the infection by two variants of TSV under hyperthermic conditions (32oC). Shrimp, infected with TSV-HI94, were resistant to infection at high temperature. However, under the same hyperthermic conditions, the challenged shrimp were fully susceptible to the infection by TSV-BZ02. This susceptibility to TSV-BZ02 at higher temperatures was independent both of the route of infection and of the salinity of water. I conjecture that TSV-BZ02 might be a temperature permissible mutant of TSV.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectShrimpen_US
dc.subjectTaura Syndrome Virusen_US
dc.subjectHyperthermiaen_US
dc.subjectMonoclonal Antibodyen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMicrobiologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairLightner, Donald Ven_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLightner, Donald V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPoulos, Bonnie T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCusanovich, Michael A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDieckmann, Carol L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRiggs, Michael W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest2831en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659749894en_US
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