Induced Polarization Imaging and Other Topics Associated with the Solid Immersion Lens

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195461
Title:
Induced Polarization Imaging and Other Topics Associated with the Solid Immersion Lens
Author:
Chen, Tao
Issue Date:
2006
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
An induced evanescent polarization imaging system and associated topics using a solid immersion lens (SIL) are demonstrated in this dissertation. The physics and properties of induced polarization signal of the SIL are studied by both simulations and experiments. In the SIL optical system, with a linearly-polarized incident illumination light at the entrance pupil, an orthogonal component of polarization is induced upon reflection from the SIL. This orthogonal polarization signal contains information of both air gap height h between the bottom of the SIL and the top surface of the sample. It is used as the air gap control signal in the SIL system. An experimental SIL near-field microscope setup is developed and demonstrated. A compact mechanical package is developed for a standard microscope that implements a SIL on a retractable bimorph swing arm. With the compact package mounted on an inverted microscope, far-field and near-field images are obtained at the same location by moving the SIL with the swing arm. A 25 μm diameter and 0.8 μm high circular pedestal in the center of the flat portion of the SIL is fabricated, along with a conically shaped surrounding region. The image contrast enhancement, high lateral resolution and height information are obtained with induced polarization evanescent imaging using SIL. Experiments are conducted by imaging features on a patterned Si substrate. Imaging theory is used to predict optimum orientation of high-spatial-frequency samples, and a topographical image is derived from the induced polarization image through a calibration procedure. A numerical aperture of NA=1.5 is used in the experiment. Height accuracy of ± 2nm is demonstrated with a known sample. A new lithography system employing a solid immersion lens (SIL) is proposed and primitive experiment results are presented. SIL technology is a direct-writing technique, where high resolution is easily achieved without a mask.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Milster, Thomas D
Committee Chair:
Milster, Thomas D

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleInduced Polarization Imaging and Other Topics Associated with the Solid Immersion Lensen_US
dc.creatorChen, Taoen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Taoen_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAn induced evanescent polarization imaging system and associated topics using a solid immersion lens (SIL) are demonstrated in this dissertation. The physics and properties of induced polarization signal of the SIL are studied by both simulations and experiments. In the SIL optical system, with a linearly-polarized incident illumination light at the entrance pupil, an orthogonal component of polarization is induced upon reflection from the SIL. This orthogonal polarization signal contains information of both air gap height h between the bottom of the SIL and the top surface of the sample. It is used as the air gap control signal in the SIL system. An experimental SIL near-field microscope setup is developed and demonstrated. A compact mechanical package is developed for a standard microscope that implements a SIL on a retractable bimorph swing arm. With the compact package mounted on an inverted microscope, far-field and near-field images are obtained at the same location by moving the SIL with the swing arm. A 25 μm diameter and 0.8 μm high circular pedestal in the center of the flat portion of the SIL is fabricated, along with a conically shaped surrounding region. The image contrast enhancement, high lateral resolution and height information are obtained with induced polarization evanescent imaging using SIL. Experiments are conducted by imaging features on a patterned Si substrate. Imaging theory is used to predict optimum orientation of high-spatial-frequency samples, and a topographical image is derived from the induced polarization image through a calibration procedure. A numerical aperture of NA=1.5 is used in the experiment. Height accuracy of ± 2nm is demonstrated with a known sample. A new lithography system employing a solid immersion lens (SIL) is proposed and primitive experiment results are presented. SIL technology is a direct-writing technique, where high resolution is easily achieved without a mask.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMilster, Thomas Den_US
dc.contributor.chairMilster, Thomas Den_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGmitro, Arthuren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSarid, Droren_US
dc.identifier.proquest1928en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659746493en_US
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