Organic solar cells based on liquid crystalline and polycrystalline thin films

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195255
Title:
Organic solar cells based on liquid crystalline and polycrystalline thin films
Author:
Yoo, Seunghyup
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation describes the study of organic thin-film solar cells in pursuit of affordable, renewable, and environmentally-friendly energy sources. Particular emphasis is given to the molecular ordering found in liquid crystalline or polycrystalline films as a way to leverage the efficiencies of these types of cells. Maximum efficiencies estimated based on excitonic character of organic solar cells show power conversion efficiencies larger than 10% are possible in principle. However, their performance is often limited due to small exciton diffusion lengths and poor transport properties which may be attributed to the amorphous nature of most organic semiconductors.Discotic liquid crystal (DLC) copper phthalocyanine was investigated as an easily processible building block for solar cells in which ordered molecular arrangements are enabled by a self-organization in its mesophases. An increase in photocurrent and a reduction in series resistance have been observed in a cell which underwent an annealing process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements suggest that structural and morphological changes induced after the annealing process are related to these improvements.In an alternative approach, p-type pentacene thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition were incorporated into heterojunction solar cells with C60 as n-type layers. Power conversion efficiencies of 2.7 % under broadband illumination (350-900 nm) with a peak external quantum efficiency of 58 % have been achieved with the broad spectral coverage across the visible spectrum. Analysis using an exciton diffusion model shows this efficient carrier generation is mainly due to the large exciton diffusion length of pentacene films. Joint XRD and AFM studies reveal that the highly crystalline nature of pentacene films can account for the observed large exciton diffusion length. In addition, the electrical characteristics are studied as a function of light intensity using the equivalent circuit model used for inorganic pn-junction solar cells. Dependences of equivalent-circuit parameters on light intensity are further investigated using a modified equivalent circuit model, and their effects on the overall photovoltaic performance are discussed.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Organic solar cells; pentacene; fullerene; discotic liquid crystals; organic polycrystalline thin films; photovoltaic device modeling
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Armstrong, Neal R.; Kippelen, Bernard
Committee Chair:
Armstrong, Neal R.; Kippelen, Bernard

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleOrganic solar cells based on liquid crystalline and polycrystalline thin filmsen_US
dc.creatorYoo, Seunghyupen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoo, Seunghyupen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation describes the study of organic thin-film solar cells in pursuit of affordable, renewable, and environmentally-friendly energy sources. Particular emphasis is given to the molecular ordering found in liquid crystalline or polycrystalline films as a way to leverage the efficiencies of these types of cells. Maximum efficiencies estimated based on excitonic character of organic solar cells show power conversion efficiencies larger than 10% are possible in principle. However, their performance is often limited due to small exciton diffusion lengths and poor transport properties which may be attributed to the amorphous nature of most organic semiconductors.Discotic liquid crystal (DLC) copper phthalocyanine was investigated as an easily processible building block for solar cells in which ordered molecular arrangements are enabled by a self-organization in its mesophases. An increase in photocurrent and a reduction in series resistance have been observed in a cell which underwent an annealing process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements suggest that structural and morphological changes induced after the annealing process are related to these improvements.In an alternative approach, p-type pentacene thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition were incorporated into heterojunction solar cells with C60 as n-type layers. Power conversion efficiencies of 2.7 % under broadband illumination (350-900 nm) with a peak external quantum efficiency of 58 % have been achieved with the broad spectral coverage across the visible spectrum. Analysis using an exciton diffusion model shows this efficient carrier generation is mainly due to the large exciton diffusion length of pentacene films. Joint XRD and AFM studies reveal that the highly crystalline nature of pentacene films can account for the observed large exciton diffusion length. In addition, the electrical characteristics are studied as a function of light intensity using the equivalent circuit model used for inorganic pn-junction solar cells. Dependences of equivalent-circuit parameters on light intensity are further investigated using a modified equivalent circuit model, and their effects on the overall photovoltaic performance are discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectOrganic solar cellsen_US
dc.subjectpentaceneen_US
dc.subjectfullereneen_US
dc.subjectdiscotic liquid crystalsen_US
dc.subjectorganic polycrystalline thin filmsen_US
dc.subjectphotovoltaic device modelingen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.advisorKippelen, Bernarden_US
dc.contributor.chairArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.chairKippelen, Bernarden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWright, Ewanen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1246en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137354596en_US
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