Backwards and forwards: Behavioral and neurophysiological investigations into dependency processing

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195182
Title:
Backwards and forwards: Behavioral and neurophysiological investigations into dependency processing
Author:
Witzel, Jeffrey D.
Issue Date:
2010
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation examines the processing of sentences involving long-distance linguistic dependencies, or sentences containing elements that must be linked across intervening words and phrases. Specifically, both behavioral (self-paced reading and eye tracking) and neurophysiological (electroencephalography) methods were used (a) to evaluate the relative importance of backward- and forward-looking dependency satisfaction processes in the comprehension of sentences involving wh-dependencies and (b) to determine the extent to which common neurocognitive mechanisms are involved the processing of wh- and anaphoric dependencies. With respect to the first issue, both behavioral andneurophysiological results indicated a core role for forward-looking, expectancy-based processes in the comprehension of wh-dependency sentences. Regarding the latter issue, despite considerable overlap in the reading patterns associated with wh-dependencies and (at least some types of) anaphora, the neurophysiological responses related to these dependency types indicated that their processing draws on distinct neurocognitive mechanisms.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
anaphora; EEG; eye tracking; filler-gap; relative clause; self-paced reading
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Linguistics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Forster, Kenneth I.; Nicol, Janet L.
Committee Chair:
Forster, Kenneth I.; Nicol, Janet L.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleBackwards and forwards: Behavioral and neurophysiological investigations into dependency processingen_US
dc.creatorWitzel, Jeffrey D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWitzel, Jeffrey D.en_US
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation examines the processing of sentences involving long-distance linguistic dependencies, or sentences containing elements that must be linked across intervening words and phrases. Specifically, both behavioral (self-paced reading and eye tracking) and neurophysiological (electroencephalography) methods were used (a) to evaluate the relative importance of backward- and forward-looking dependency satisfaction processes in the comprehension of sentences involving wh-dependencies and (b) to determine the extent to which common neurocognitive mechanisms are involved the processing of wh- and anaphoric dependencies. With respect to the first issue, both behavioral andneurophysiological results indicated a core role for forward-looking, expectancy-based processes in the comprehension of wh-dependency sentences. Regarding the latter issue, despite considerable overlap in the reading patterns associated with wh-dependencies and (at least some types of) anaphora, the neurophysiological responses related to these dependency types indicated that their processing draws on distinct neurocognitive mechanisms.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectanaphoraen_US
dc.subjectEEGen_US
dc.subjecteye trackingen_US
dc.subjectfiller-gapen_US
dc.subjectrelative clauseen_US
dc.subjectself-paced readingen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineLinguisticsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorForster, Kenneth I.en_US
dc.contributor.advisorNicol, Janet L.en_US
dc.contributor.chairForster, Kenneth I.en_US
dc.contributor.chairNicol, Janet L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAllen, John J.B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBadecker, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGarrett, Merrillen_US
dc.identifier.proquest11200en_US
dc.identifier.oclc752261047en_US
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