Mass Spectometry Based Identification of Proteins in Burkholderia Species and in the Blood Meal of Ticks

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195155
Title:
Mass Spectometry Based Identification of Proteins in Burkholderia Species and in the Blood Meal of Ticks
Author:
Wickramasekara, Samanthi
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of Melioidosis, an endemic disease in South East Asia, and is classified as a category B biological agent. Currently, there is no licensed vaccine for this disease; the mortality rate is high due to the incorrect diagnosis and the pathogen insusceptibility to general antibiotics. A mass spectrometry based proteomic approach has been applied in order to identify the proteins that are responsible for pathogenicity.Methods were developed for the proteomic analysis of Burkholderia species using B. vietnamiensis G4, an opportunistic pathogen as the model organism. Both gel-based (LC-MS/MS) and gel-free MudPIT (LC/LC-MS/MS) approaches have been applied for the analysis of the proteins extracted from four different cellular fractions of these bacteria. More than 1200 proteins were identified from these analyses, including many proteins previously identified as virulence factors of these bacteria. Similar methodologies were applied to build a proteome map of non-pathogenic B. thailandensis E264 to use as a reference for the pathogenic studies. Additionally, proteomes of two B. thailandensis strains isolated from two geographical locations were compared to investigate the differences in protein expression of these organisms.Proteins identified from pathogenic B. pseudomallei were compared with the non-pathogenic B. thailandensis and opportunistic pathogen B. vietnamiensis proteins. Many species specific proteins were identified from this proteomic analyses; those proteins can be used as antigen targets to selectively identify these pathogenic bacteria in a complex biological matrix using affinity capture methods.Ticks are vectors that can transmit disease causing pathogens one host to another. Knowing the pathogen reservoir is important in order to control disease spread in the environment. Application of mass spectrometric methods to identify the host blood components from tick vectors was investigated using tick nymphs which feed only once in their life cycle. Using mass spectrometry based proteomics; host specific proteins like hemoglobin and immunoglobulin were identified from a single tick nymph analysis. Additional studies have examined the fatty acid profiles of rabbit and sheep blood fed tick nymphs using SPALDI mass spectrometry. Different fatty acid profiles were obtained for these tick nymphs, but further investigations are required to validate these findings.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Burkholderia; Liquid Chromatography; Mass spectrometry; MudPIT; Proteomics; Ticks
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Wysocki, Vicki H.
Committee Chair:
Wysocki, Vicki H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleMass Spectometry Based Identification of Proteins in Burkholderia Species and in the Blood Meal of Ticksen_US
dc.creatorWickramasekara, Samanthien_US
dc.contributor.authorWickramasekara, Samanthien_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBurkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of Melioidosis, an endemic disease in South East Asia, and is classified as a category B biological agent. Currently, there is no licensed vaccine for this disease; the mortality rate is high due to the incorrect diagnosis and the pathogen insusceptibility to general antibiotics. A mass spectrometry based proteomic approach has been applied in order to identify the proteins that are responsible for pathogenicity.Methods were developed for the proteomic analysis of Burkholderia species using B. vietnamiensis G4, an opportunistic pathogen as the model organism. Both gel-based (LC-MS/MS) and gel-free MudPIT (LC/LC-MS/MS) approaches have been applied for the analysis of the proteins extracted from four different cellular fractions of these bacteria. More than 1200 proteins were identified from these analyses, including many proteins previously identified as virulence factors of these bacteria. Similar methodologies were applied to build a proteome map of non-pathogenic B. thailandensis E264 to use as a reference for the pathogenic studies. Additionally, proteomes of two B. thailandensis strains isolated from two geographical locations were compared to investigate the differences in protein expression of these organisms.Proteins identified from pathogenic B. pseudomallei were compared with the non-pathogenic B. thailandensis and opportunistic pathogen B. vietnamiensis proteins. Many species specific proteins were identified from this proteomic analyses; those proteins can be used as antigen targets to selectively identify these pathogenic bacteria in a complex biological matrix using affinity capture methods.Ticks are vectors that can transmit disease causing pathogens one host to another. Knowing the pathogen reservoir is important in order to control disease spread in the environment. Application of mass spectrometric methods to identify the host blood components from tick vectors was investigated using tick nymphs which feed only once in their life cycle. Using mass spectrometry based proteomics; host specific proteins like hemoglobin and immunoglobulin were identified from a single tick nymph analysis. Additional studies have examined the fatty acid profiles of rabbit and sheep blood fed tick nymphs using SPALDI mass spectrometry. Different fatty acid profiles were obtained for these tick nymphs, but further investigations are required to validate these findings.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectBurkholderiaen_US
dc.subjectLiquid Chromatographyen_US
dc.subjectMass spectrometryen_US
dc.subjectMudPITen_US
dc.subjectProteomicsen_US
dc.subjectTicksen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorWysocki, Vicki H.en_US
dc.contributor.chairWysocki, Vicki H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWirth, Mary J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash Jr., Eugene A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcGrath, Dominic V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAspinwall, Craig A.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest10107en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659750641en_US
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